Using Pesticides? Be Safe and Clean — Maintain Your Personal Protective Equipment and Clothes
What are Pesticides?
Pesticides are powders, granules or liquids used to prevent, destroy, repel or reduce pests. Pesticides are used to prevent insects, mice and other pests from harming our crops. Pests are a part of nature and are sometimes useful. But sometimes, pests need to be controlled to get the most out of crops. One method to control pests and protect our crops is to use pesticides.
How do Pesticides Enter the Body?
Pesticides can enter your body through the following ways:
- Absorption: Pesticides can be absorbed through the skin. Absorption rate is different in each part of the body. The scalp, ear and the genital areas are the most absorbent areas. Skin absorption begins when pesticides are splashed, spilled or drifted and the substance comes in contact with skin. Splashes and spills can happen while mixing, applying pesticides and/or cleaning contaminated equipment.
- Mouth: Liquid pesticides can be ingested orally. Accidental intake can occur while spraying or mixing. Severe cases of poisoning can happen when someone drinks pesticide. For example, some people have wrongly put pesticides in a soft drink bottle for storage. Someone then took a drink from the soft drink bottle containing pesticides.
- Inhalation: Pesticide vapors or fumes can be inhaled. You might be able to smell something
or feel itchiness in the eyes, nose and throat. Your eyes might water. Some pesticides
start to evaporate in hot temperatures. If you breathe in the vapor, your throat might
(British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, n.d.)
How can Pesticides get into the Home?
People that both work and live on land for farming or ranching have special considerations. Farmers and ranchers need to be careful that they don’t accidentally bring pesticides from work into their homes. People living close to farms where pesticides are applied need to be careful. Pesticides can come into the home several ways:
- Contaminated soil brought into the home
- Contaminated clothes and equipment brought into the home
- Pesticides used in the home to control vermin, including cockroaches
How can Pesticides Harm Health?
Pesticides can harm people. If there is contact with pesticides, you may experience one or more of the following (National Cancer Institute, 2011):
- Itchy skin, eyes, nose or throat
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Diarrhea and/or stomach cramps
- Certain types of cancers (leukemia, cancers of the skin, lip, stomach, brain and prostate)
What are Personal Protective Clothing (PPC) and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)?
Most people wear work clothes when using pesticides on the farm, yard or garden. Work
clothes should be comfortable to wear. More importantly, they must protect against
pesticides (DeJonge, Vredevoogd, & Henry, 1983; Weng & Black, 2015).
Personal protective clothing (PPC) and personal protective equipment (PPE) protect from pesticides while spraying. Examples of PPC and PPE are shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. List of personal protective equipment and personal protective clothing.
Immediately remove PPC and PPE when finished applying pesticides. Don’t finish spraying, then move to another without changing PPC and PPE. Dirty PPC and PPE will contaminate anything. For example, moving from the field to the animal pen may expose livestock to pesticides. Also, hugging children and pets while wearing dirty work clothes will expose them to pesticides.
The label instructions will state the type of protective gear needed. Different pesticides require different personal protective equipment and personal protective clothing. For example, spraying orchards and fruit trees require spraying high and over tree branches. This will expose the applicator from head to toe. In this case, the applicator will need to be fully covered. Some crops are shorter and pesticides are applied at the knee level. In both cases, wind is a risk. A sudden change of wind direction will expose pesticide contamination from head to toe.
When using pesticides in the home, read the label and follow the instructions. Consider using integrated pest management (IPM) to reduce pest populations. IPM includes sealing up pest entry points, remove food and water and using low-risk tools such as baits and sticky traps to reduce populations. Only use pesticides designed for indoor use.
Do not wear leather shoes, cotton pants and baseball caps when applying pesticides. Cotton and leather absorb and keep pesticides close to the skin (DeJonge et al., 1983).
Care for Personal Protective Clothing and Personal Protective Equipment
- Wash your contaminated PPC and PPE either in a bucket with detergent and hot water, or wash by themselves in a washing machine. The setting should be hot water temperature for the wash and rinse cycles. Do not include any other clothes.
- After washing your PPC and PPE, run the washing machine again using only detergent and water to remove any residues.
- Line dry PPC and PPE instead of using the dryer (preferably in a closed room to protect against pesticide drift)
- When hand washing, wear rubber gloves to prevent skin contact with pesticides.
Pesticide Exposure Protection
- Wear PPC and PPE when mixing and applying pesticides and cleaning contaminated equipment
- Wash PPC and PPE separately from regular clothes
- Take shoes or boots off before entering the home
- Do not touch children or pets before cleaning yourself and PPC and PPE
Keep your family safe! Take care of your personal protective equipment and personal protective clothing and minimize exposure to pesticides.
Amit Dhingra, Washington State University
Brenda Hill, Oklahoma State University
Rose Ann Jackson, Oklahoma Home and Community Education, Inc.
Gloria King, Oklahoma State University
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. (n.d.). Toxicity & hazard. Retrieved November, 2015, from http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/pesticides/b_2.htm
DeJonge, J. O., Vredevoogd, J., & Henry, M. S. (1983). Attitudes, practices, and preferences of pesticide users toward protective apparel. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 2(1), 9-14.
National Cancer Institute. (2011). Agricultural health study. Retrieved November, 2015, from http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/ahs-fact-sheet
Weng, C.-Y., & Black, C. (2015). Taiwanese farm workers’ pesticide knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and clothing practices. International journal of environmental health research, 25(6), 685-696.
Assistant Professor & Extension Housing and Consumer Specialist