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Hay and Pasture

Grassland, pasture and hay land make up a large part of the agricultural land in the United States. Learn additional information on policy programs that support these land owners and managers.


Farm Bill Grassland Program

In 2017, the United States Department of Agriculture’s Cropland Data Layer (CDL) categorized 17% of Oklahoma’s land area as grassland or pasture. The 2018 Agricultural Improvement Act, commonly called the 2018 Farm Bill, included a cost savings measure that pertains to farms with crop base that has been planted entirely to grass from 2009 to 2017. This land will not be eligible for ARC/PLC payments under the 2018 Farm Bill. Instead, producers can elect to enroll grass or pasture land in a grassland incentives program for the life of the farm bill at a payment rate of $18/acre. Unlike the Conservation Reserve Program, farmers can still use the land for grazing purposes but without the required conservation improvements associated with the Conservation Stewardship Program or the Environmental Quality Incentives Program. Further, farms cannot reconstitute in order to make land eligible for ARC or PLC by combining cropland farms with farms that contain only pasture or grassland. Check here for more details on the program as they emerge in 2019. 


Livestock Programs


Livestock Programs Overview

A variety of livestock programs are authorized through the farm bill that livestock producers can take advantage of. Also included in the farm bill are protections for dairy producers.


Livestock Forage Program

The Livestock Forage Program (LFP) protects against the negative effects of drought and other adverse weather events on pasture quality and hay yield.


Handout: Farm Bill Update and Trade, February 2019, All Crops Conference, Norman


Livestock Indemnity Program

The Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) protects against the risks associated with adverse events that lead to excessive death loss or injury in adult animals and, with the 2018 farm bill, the death of unweaned stock.


Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP) protects against to livestock not covered in the LFP or LIP program, as well as some adverse events which are not covered by the other two programs.


  Drought/Rainfall Protection Livestock Death Loss Protection
  Livestock Forage Program (LFP) Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP)
  Pasture, Range and Forage Insurance (PRF) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP)
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