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Hay and Pasture

Grassland, pasture and hay land make up a large part of the agricultural land in the United States. Learn additional information on policy programs that support these land owners and managers.


Livestock Programs


Livestock Programs Overview

A variety of livestock programs are authorized through the farm bill that livestock producers can take advantage of. Also included in the farm bill are protections for dairy producers.


Livestock Forage Program

The Livestock Forage Program (LFP) protects against the negative effects of drought and other adverse weather events on pasture quality and hay yield.


Handout: Farm Bill Update and Trade, February 2019, All Crops Conference, Norman


Livestock Indemnity Program

The Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) protects against the risks associated with adverse events that lead to excessive death loss or injury in adult animals and, with the 2018 farm bill, the death of unweaned stock.


Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP) protects against to livestock not covered in the LFP or LIP program, as well as some adverse events which are not covered by the other two programs.


  Drought/Rainfall Protection Livestock Death Loss Protection
  Livestock Forage Program (LFP) Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP)
  Pasture, Range and Forage Insurance (PRF) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP)
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