Skip to main content

Oklahoma Forage and Pasture Fertility Guide

The forage and hay produced on Oklahoma farm and pastureland plays a huge role in the maintenance and production of the 5 million head of cattle and calves, which makes Oklahoma the fifth largest cattle producing state in the nation (Oklahoma ranks third in cow-calf production). In addition, hay sold off the farm accounts for approximately $500 million of income to hay producers in the state every year. Appropriate fertilization is almost always the key to proper livestock nutrition, economic stocking rates, yields, weed control, stand viability, length of grazing/production season and sustainability of the plant-animal system. Unfortunately, varying soils, climate, plant materials, grazing/haying objectives, pests and prices can complicate the fertilization decisions. One decision sometimes made is to “let mother nature provide” - after all, grass of some sort has been growing out there for years. Economically savvy producers in Oklahoma will not choose this as a base plan.


The authors of the Oklahoma Forage and Pasture Fertilization Guide realize that for each producer to make the right decision for his or her operation, a guide providing research-based information is a necessity. This circular is just such a guide. It is designed to help producers with the complex fertilization questions they face. The Oklahoma Forage and Pasture Fertilization Guide is unique in that it covers simple management practices in addition to a range of complex interactions related to forage and pasture fertility. It offers practical situations that can be used by producers. No other publications match the breadth of the Oklahoma Forage and Pasture Fertilization Guide. This publication is designed to support forage and livestock producers, Extension educators and Certified Crop Advisers in effective, profitable and environmentally sound management decisions regarding forage and pasture fertility practices. It is not a replacement for good management; rather, it is the road map to help good managers get even better.



Was this information helpful?
Fact Sheet
2018-2019 Small Grains Variety Performance Tests

Analyze a wheat crop overview in 2018-2019 by looking at factors like harvested acres, yield and total bushels.

Beef CattleCropsForageGrains & OilseedsLivestockPastures & ForageStocker CattleWheat
Fact Sheet
Fall forage production and first hollow stem date in small grain varieties during the 2018-2019 crop year

How to determine genetic differences in forage production potential and grazing duration among small grain varieties grown in Oklahoma.

Beef CattleCropsForageForage GrassesGrains & OilseedsLivestockPastures & ForageRyeStocker CattleWheat
Fact Sheet
Using the Plate Meters for Estimating Dry Forage Yield

The management practices and steps for collecting plate meter readings in the field.

ForageForage GrassesPastures & Forage
Back To Top