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Grain Sorghum Performance Trials in Oklahoma

Trial Objectives and Procedures

Performance trials for hybrid grain sorghum are conducted by OSU Extension each year. These trials provide producers, Extension educators, industry representatives and researchers with information for grain sorghum hybrids marketed in Oklahoma. Performance trials were conducted at eight locations in 2020. Dry-land trials were planted at Adams, Chickasha, Homestead, Lahoma, Bixby and Tipton. All trials were planted within the timeframe associated with full-season production with the exception of Bixby, which was planted in late June to simulate a double-crop system. Additionally, one fully sprinkler-irrigated trial was planted at the McCall Research Station near Elkhart and one limited drip-irrigated trial was planted at Goodwell. Yields presented in this document are for early, medium- and late-maturity hybrids for all locations. A further trial was planted near Gate where a select number of varieties were selected that were >65 days to mid-bloom (DMB). These varieties were planted at two dates—the first and last week of June. Both planting dates were managed similarly to other performance trials.

 

Grain sorghum hybrids entered in the trial (Table 1) were assigned by companies to their respective maturity groups (early represented less than <60 DMB, medium was 60 to 70 DMB and late being than >70 DMB) and trial locations; therefore, not all hybrids were entered at all locations. Companies designated all hybrid characteristics presented in Table 1. This information was not determined or verified by Oklahoma State University. Company participation was voluntary; therefore, not all hybrids marketed in Oklahoma were included in the trials.

 

In 2020, 47 hybrids were entered by seven seed companies (Table 1). Among the varieties, only two cultivars were noted as susceptible to sugarcane aphids, with several that have not yet gone through or are currently going through evaluations. For the hybrid performance trials, each maturity group was tested independently with individual hybrids being arranged in a randomized complete block design and having a minimum of four replications. All locations were two row plots with 30-inch spacing and 35 feet in length. Plots were trimmed to 25 feet prior to harvest. Tractor-powered cone planters were used to plant all trials with seeding rates adjusted for the trial location. Trials were harvested with a Kincaid model, 8XP plot combine in the panhandle and a Wintersteiger Delta combine for all downstate trials.

 

Planting densities, cooperating producers, fertilization, cultural practices, soil series, herbicides and insecticides used in all trials are listed individually in the results tables. Rainfall data from the nearest Mesonet sites also are listed. Some trials are long distances from the nearest Mesonet site; therefore, rainfall could be greater or less than reported.

 

Growing Conditions and Season Highlights

Overall, 2020 was an interesting year with plenty of ups and downs both in and out of the field. The downstate region production season should be considered generally favorable. Warmer air and soil temperatures in late March and early April, with an abundance of soil moisture, allowed growers to start planting early within the recommended timeframe. However, the warmup typically occurring throughout April into May did not occur. These cooler or milder conditions later in the planting window allowed later-planted sorghum to emerge in more favorable conditions. Soybeans planted earlier had a longer emergence period, variable stands and slower early season growth. A rapid warmup in the latter half of May allowed for most of the crop to successfully establish. Conditions during late May and early June were very suboptimal with hot and windy conditions. These conditions did impact stand establishment on later planted, full-season sorghum. A drier-than-average June resulted in less vegetative growth for most of the state. A wetter-than-average July provided above optimal conditions during the early and late grain fill period. These wetter conditions, paired with warmer temperatures, increased late-season weed pressure, especially where stands were spotty or uneven due to early season conditions. Drier conditions in August and September increased natural dry-down cycles for the early planted sorghum. Isolated reports of some grain shrinkage due to rapid dry-down did occur, especially those in droughty areas that were maturing during mid- to late-August. While most of the full-season sorghum planted during the recommended planting window had been harvested, later sorghum and double-crop sorghum systems had to withstand a major late-season snow and ice event that occurred during late October.  For most of the downstate region, this precipitation fell as ice. There were several reports of high lodging and grain loss in certain areas, but other producers had relatively unaffected fields. The impact of this ice storm depended on the stage of the crop, area of the state, as well as condition of the crop prior to the storm. In many places that had later planted sorghum, this ice storm terminated the crop early, which resulted in yield loss. This yield loss came from either early dry-down of the plant prior to complete grain fill or rapid dry-down of the grain resulting in shrunken seed. For the Oklahoma Performance trial, yields from around the state could be considered average or slightly above average, but the unpredictable nature of the season made it more of a feast or famine year. Test weights were average to higher than average for most locations due to the moisture present during filling.

 

The Panhandle region did not have as positive of a year as the downstate region. Dry conditions prior to planting made a lot of growers question whether to continue with planting or to fallow out for the 2020 season. After a significant rain event in mid-May, many producers started planting in later May and early June with adequate moisture to achieve a viable stand. Hot temperatures paired with a significant windstorm that impacted the region in June made the mid- to late-June planting very difficult, if not impossible, in some regions. Hot, dry conditions persisted throughout much of the remainder of the month. July brought relief to certain areas through weekly rainfall events. During July, the Goodwell Mesonet site recorded nearly 7 inches of precipitation, around 4.5 inches above average. With cooler temperatures, isolated locations in the Panhandle were able to start harvest earlier in October than typical. Even if growers were harvesting with slightly elevated moistures, this early harvest helped protect some of the crop, as the Panhandle was not able to escape the impact of the October ice storm. Some areas had no significant negative impact from a mix of ice and snow; however, regions that experienced more than 10 inches of winter precipitation had lodging issues. These winter storms had very little negative impact on the Oklahoma Performance trials as most of the dryland plots, with the exception of the later-planted varieties at Gate, had all been harvested. The irrigated trials had just reached maturity when the storm hit, so neither early termination or lodging was a major issue.

 

Weeds were the primary pest concern in 2020. Sporadic rainfall during the planting period had a two-fold effect. Not only were stands spotty or uneven in places, but pre-plant herbicide applications that missed activating rain resulted in a negative impact on control. Especially in areas that had prolong dry periods, this increased competition had the potential to decrease yields. While possible in-season grass control is on the horizon through new genetics, grasses still plague sorghum producers. Some reports of sugarcane aphids were present in 2020. These were mostly in the north-central and northwest portions of the downstate region. The majority of reports of sugarcane aphids were short-term populations that were below application thresholds. However, there were isolated reports where numbers had reached levels so pesticide applications were warranted. In many areas, especially the north-central region, headworms reached application thresholds and several fields were sprayed as a result. Traditional products, such as prevathon, were still very good at controlling these pests; however, many producers started integrating biological control applications with good to moderate success.

 

Results

Grain yields are reported in pounds per acre and bushels per acre of threshed grain, adjusted to a moisture content of 14% (Tables 2 through 25). Test weight also is reported in pounds per bushel. Bird damage is reported when present at a location. Different plant populations at each location prevent accurate comparison between locations. Also, comparisons across maturity were not conducted as they were treated as independent trials. Producers should note that late-maturing hybrids, due to longer periods of vegetative and early reproductive growth, will generally yield more than early and medium-maturity hybrids. The availability of moisture at critical crop development periods, however, often influences yield more than the yield differences associated with maturity groups. When choosing a maturity group, the type of cropping system, planting date, planting rate, the potential moisture should be taken into consideration. For more information, consult Fact Sheets PSS-2034, Grain Sorghum Planting Rates and Dates, and PSS-2113 Grain Sorghum Production Calendar.

 

Least Significant Difference (LSD) is a statistical test of yield differences and is shown at the bottom of each table. Unless two hybrids differ by at least the LSD shown, little confidence can be placed in one hybrid being superior to another and the difference is probably not real.

 

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) is provided as an estimate of the precision of the data with respect to the mean for that location and maturity group. To provide some indication of yield stability, multiple-year means for yield and test weight are provided where trials have been conducted for more than one year with more than three entries per maturity group. Producers interested in comparing hybrids for consistency of yield in a specific area should consult these entries. Models with CV's greater than 25 have not been included in this report.

 

Acknowledgements

The financial support of the Oklahoma Sorghum Commission is gratefully acknowledged, as well as the efforts of the producer-cooperators: Brook Strader, Gary Graves and Leon Richards. The authors also are grateful for research support from Michael Pettijohn of SCREC, Erich Wehrenberg of NCRS, Mike Schulz of SWREC, Cameron Murley, Skeate Beck and Jeremy Brian of OPREC, and Butch Havener of MVRS. We also are grateful for the help of County Agricultural Educators: Rick Nelson (Garfield County), Aaron Henson (Tillman County), Nathan Anderson (Payne County), Troy Gosney (Major County), Gus Holland (Tulsa County), Loren Sizelove (Beaver County) and David Nowlin (Caddo County) who gave generously of their time to this project in 2020.

 

 

Figure 1. Average soil temperature, March 2020.

Average soil tempature March 2020

 

 

 

Figure 2. Average soil temperature, April 2020.

Average soil tempature April 2020

 

 

Figure 3. Average air temperature, May 2020. 

Average soil tempature May 2020

 

  

Figure 4. Departure from average monthly rainfall, June 2020. 

Departure from average monthly rainfall, June 2020.

 

  

Figure 5. Departure from average monthly rainfall, July 2020. 

Departure from average monthly rainfall, July 2020.

 

 

Figure 6. Departure from average daily temperatures, September 2020

Departure from average daily temperatures, September 2020

 

  

Table 1. Seed source and hybrid characteristics of grain sorghums in the Oklahoma Grain Sorghum Performance Trials, 2017. All hybrids are susceptible to birds and are single cross.  

Company Hybrids Maturity Seed Color1 Days  to Mid-bloom Sugarcane Aphid Tolerance2 Greenbug Resistance3
Advanta ADV G3189 Early Cr 58 Y --
Advanta ADV G1329 Late Cr 58 Y --
Advanta ADV XG117IG Early R 59 -- --
Advanta ADV XG116IG  Early R 60 -- --
Advanta ADV G2275 Medium R 67 Y --
Advanta ADV XG390IG Medium R 63 -- --
Advanta ADV XG009IG Medium R 67 -- --
Advanta ADV XG141 Medium R 67 -- --
Advanta ADV XG256 Medium R 66 -- --
Advanta ADV XG9127 Medium R 63 -- --
Advanta ADV XG397 Medium R 68 -- --
Advanta ADV G2106 Medium R 66 Y --
Advanta ADV XG267  Medium R 70 -- --
Advanta ADV XG224 Late R 70 -- --
Alta Grain AG1201 Early R 60 Y --
Alta Grain AG1203 Medium R 63 Y --
Dyna-Gro M60GB31 Early Br 60 Y C,E,I
Dyna-Gro M60GB88 Early Br 60 -- --
Dyna-Gro M54GR24 Early R 54 Y C,E
Dyna-Gro M59GB57 Early Br 59 -- C,E
Dyna-Gro M59GB94 Early Br 60 Y C,E
Dyna-Gro M62GB77 Medium Br 62 Y C,E
Dyna-Gro M69GR88 Medium R 69 -- C,E
Dyna-Gro M71GR91 Late R 71 Y C,E
Dyna-Gro M72GB71 Late Br 72 Y C,E,I
Dyna-Gro GX19981 Late R 71 Y --
Dekalb DKS 33-07 Medium Br 61 Y --
Dekalb DKS 36-07 Medium Br 62 Y --
Dekalb DKS 37-07 Medium Br 62 Y --
Dekalb DKS 44-07 Medium R 67 Y --
Dekalb DKS 45-60 Medium Br 66 N --
Richardson Seed RS 124 Early R 52 Y --
Richardson Seed RS 260E Medium R 67 Y --
Richardson Seed XG 101 Medium R 64 Y --
Sorghum Partners SP 31A15 Early Br 57 N --
Sorghum Partners SP 43M80 Medium Br 60 Y --
Sorghum Partners SP 68M57 Medium Br 69 Y --
Sorghum Partners SP 73B12 Late Br 72 Y --
Sorghum Partners SP 74M21  Late Br 73 Y --
Sorghum Partners SP 74C40 Late Cr 73 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 4590 Early Br 50 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5710 Medium R 65 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5750 Medium R 62 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5745W Medium W 60 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5730 Late R 70 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5740 Late R 70 Y --
Midland Genetics MG 5727 Late Br 72 Y --
   

 

  1. Seed Color: Br- Bronze; W- White; R- Red; Cr- Cream
  2. Sugarcane Aphid Tolerance- Listed by parent company
  3. Greenbug Resistance: Biotype hybrid

--. Indicates information is not provided

 

 

Downstate Trials

Chickasha:

Table 2. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Chickasha location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 5,220 8.7 53.7 29.8
M60GB31 3,722 7.2 57.9 30.1
M60GB88 4,524 9.4 57.1 33.2
AG1201 4,598 9.1 55.8 29.9
RS 124 4,449 9.3 55.9 30.4
ADV G3189 4,341 9.2 59 30.7
ADV XG117IG 5,193 9 56.1 26.8
ADV XG116IG  4,690 7.4 45 31.1
ADV G1329 3,363 8.5 55.3 31.8
M54GR24 4,226 9.9 55.9 29.8
M59GB57 5,678 8.7 55.2 30.3
M59GB94 4,158 7.5 59.1 28.9
MG 4590 4,711 9 55.6 22.9
      
Average 4,626 8.7 55.5 29.7
CV 8.9      
LSD0.05 622.5      
   

 

  

Table 3. Medium hybrids from the Oklahoma Grain Sorghum Hybrid Tests located at Chickasha. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 5,985 9.3 58.8 30.1
ADV XG390IG 4,308 8.9 54.1 33.2
ADV XG009IG 3,212 3.4 56 34.1
RS 260E 3,724 7.4 58 30.8
XG 101 3,408 7.5 58.5 29.7
SP 43M80 5,234 9.1 58.7 30.5
SP 68M57 4,223 7.2 57.7 31.6
M62GB77 4,071 9.4 57.1 30.8
M69GR88 4,821 8.9 57.1 33.2
ADV XG141 3,516 7.1 56 32.4
ADV XG256 4,234 7.5 56.9 31.7
ADV XG9127 4,514 9 58.1 29.9
ADV XG397 3,610 9.4 58.6 31.4
ADV G2106 4,001 5.4 57.4 30.7
AG1203 4,370 5.3 56 30
ADV XG267  4,014 7.2 56.8 29.4
DKS 33-07 5,186 8.8 55.5 26.7
DKS 36-07 3,573 8.9 56.6 31
DKS 37-07 4,423 8.8 56 29.6
DKS 44-07 6,653 9.3 59.1 31.2
DKS 45-60 6,251 9.3 59.5 33.6
MG 5710 5,582 9 56.8 30.1
MG 5750 3,795 7.2 56.7 28.7
MG 5745W 3,329 5.6 57.3 29.2
         
Average 4,418 7.9 57.2 30.8
CV 14.3      
LSD0.05 1,011.70      
   
   

 

 

Table 4. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Chickasha location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 73B12 4,086 9.1 56.4 33.4
SP 74M21  4,174 7.2 57.1 29.6
SP 74C40 4,122 9.1 58.2 35.1
GX19981 6,250 9.1 59.3 30.8
ADV XG224 5,330 6.8 57.7 33
M71GR91 5,548 8.8 58.4 30.3
M72GB71 4,118 7.2 59.2 28.9
MG 5730 4,833 8.8 57.7 26.4
MG 5740 5,286 9.1 59.7 27.1
MG 5727 4,446 8.9 56.6 26.3
      
Average 4,687 8.4 58 30.1
CV 11.9      
LSD0.05 847.2      

 

  • Cooperator: Michael Pettijohn
  • Tillage Practice: Conventional
  • Soil Series: Dale Silt Loam
  • Seeding rate: 55,200 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: 2.7 qt/ac Lumax EZ + 1qt glyphosate/ac
  • Fertilizer: N- 150 lbs/ac, P- 87 lbs/ac, K- 40 lbs/ac, S- 10 lbs/ac
  • Starter Fertilizer: 5 gallons of 10-34-0 applied at planting
  • Planting Date: April 22, 2019
  • Harvest Date: August, 23, 2019

 

 

Homestead

 Table 5. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Homestead location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 3,988 8.8 50.7 24.5
M60GB31 3,906 9 54.8 26.3
M60GB88 3,342 8.7 54.4 22.8
AG1201 4,197 8.6 51.5 29.7
RS 124 3,148 8.9 51.6 26.3
ADV G3189 4,621 9.6 57.5 24.5
ADV XG117IG 4,279 8.9 53.5 20.6
ADV XG116IG  3,555 8.9 52.7 24.9
ADV G1329 3,545 8.1 54.1 26.2
M54GR24 2,952 9 54.7 24.7
M59GB57 4,076 8.4 52.9 22.6
M59GB94 4,055 8.9 54.8 26.9
MG 4590 2,918 8.5 52.6 26.7
      
Average 3,753 8.8 53.5 25.1
CV 12.8      
LSD0.05 668.9      

 

 

 Table 6. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Homestead location.  

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 3,476 9.6 57.3 26.5
ADV XG390IG 2,979 10.6 53.5 22.3
ADV XG009IG 4,276 11.4 52.8 25.5
RS 260E 3,379 9.4 57.6 25.1
SP 43M80 3,400 9 54.1 25.3
SP 68M57 4,376 9.1 57.5 25
M62GB77 3,500 9.1 57.4 24.3
M69GR88 5,185 10.4 57.8 25.8
AG1203 3,918 8.9 55.5 26.7
DKS 33-07 3,461 8.6 51.6 22.8
DKS 36-07 4,170 9.4 58.9 21.8
DKS 37-07 3,667 8.9 54.2 26.4
DKS 44-07 4,236 9.6 60.7 24.8
DKS 45-60 3,987 8.5 57.4 24.9
MG 5710 4,500 9 55.9 22.9
MG 5750 3,712 9.2 58.7 22.7
MG 5745W 3,215 8.3 54.4 22.2
      
Average 3,849 9.3 56.2 24.4
CV 11.4      
LSD0.05 601.4      

 

 

Table 7. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Homestead location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 74M21  4,214 10.1 59 27
SP 74C40 5,564 10.2 60.8 28.9
M71GR91 4,603 9.6 60.2 26.8
M72GB71 4,521 9.5 60.8 25.2
MG 5730 4,785 9.7 59.3 24.7
MG 5740 4,642 9.7 59.9 22.8
MG 5727 4,876 9.6 56.8 24.4
      
Average 4,594 9.8 59.5 25.7
CV 9.5      
LSD0.05 629.1      
  • Cooperator: Brook Strader
  • Tillage Practice: No-till into failed soybean crop with a wheat cover crop
  • Soil Series: Canadian Fine Sandy Loam
  • Seeding rate: 55,200 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: Atrazine4L 2pt/ac + 1.3 pt/ac Dual
  • Fertilizer: N- 95 lbs/ac, P- 0, K- 0
  • Starter Fertilizer: 5 gallons of 10-34-0 applied at planting
  • Planting Date: April 16, 2019
  • Harvest Date: September 12, 2019

  

 

Lahoma 

 Table 8. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Lahoma location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 4,536 8.8 54 24.2
M60GB31 5,417 10.1 58 25.9
M60GB88 4,447 9.7 56.1 26.7
AG1201 5,043 9.2 53.6 28.1
RS 124 4,672 9.2 52.4 26.4
ADV G3189 5,834 9.9 56.6 24.6
ADV XG117IG 5,170 9.7 55.9 26.1
ADV XG116IG  4,792 9.3 55 27
ADV G1329 4,579 8.7 53.7 24.6
M54GR24 4,312 8.9 51.2 24.5
M59GB57 4,260 9.1 53 27.6
M59GB94 5,523 9.7 55 29.1
MG 4590 4,879 9.3 53.8 22.6
      
Average 4,907 9.4 54.5 26
CV 9.7      
LSD0.05 735.9      

  

 

 Table 9. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Lahoma location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 4,970 10 57.4 26.9
ADV XG390IG 5,110 9.8 58.4 28.2
ADV XG009IG 3,614 9.7 54.1 25.6
RS 260E 5,993 10.1 58 27.9
XG 101 6,723 10 57.8 27.7
SP 43M80 5,516 9.6 56.6 24.6
SP 68M57 5,997 9.7 57.8 26.8
M62GB77 5,191 9.9 58.1 27
M69GR88 5,622 9.7 56.5 26.3
ADV XG141 5,481 9.6 55.6 30.1
ADV XG256 5,314 9.8 56.2 29.8
ADV XG9127 4,928 9.8 56.6 25.7
ADV XG397 4,116 10 57 26.3
ADV G2106 4,814 9.3 54.7 23.8
AG1203 5,929 9.7 57.2 28.1
ADV XG267  2,592 9.3 53.1 26
DKS 33-07 4,679 9.6 56.1 26.6
DKS 36-07 5,408 9.6 56.8 30.1
DKS 37-07 5,471 9.7 56.6 31.3
DKS 44-07 6,050 10 59.6 30.5
DKS 45-60 5,665 10.1 59.4 29.8
MG 5710 5,455 9.5 53.8 26.1
MG 5750 5,155 9.7 57.4 24.7
MG 5745W 4,886 9.2 55.8 25.5
      
Average 5,195 9.7 56.7 27.3
CV 11.1      
LSD0.05 836.9      

 

 

 Table 10. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Lahoma location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 73B12 4,893 9.8 56.9 26.5
SP 74M21  4,954 9.8 57.8 25.9
SP 74C40 5,659 9.6 55.9 26
GX19981 5,135 9.9 59.7 25.1
ADV XG224 5,600 9.6 57.6 25.8
M71GR91 4,967 9.5 58.5 28.3
M72GB71 5,303 9.8 58.5 25.2
MG 5730 4,498 9.8 57.6 22
MG 5740 4,300 9.7 58.9 24.1
MG 5727 4,899 9.4 56.5 23.9
      
Average 4,980 9.7 57.8 25.3
CV 7.4      
LSD0.05 572.5      
  •  Cooperator: Erich Wehrenberg
  • Tillage Practice: No-till
  • Soil Series: Grant Silt Loam
  • Seeding rate: 55,200 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: Atrazine4L 2pt/ac + 1.3 pt/ac Dual
  • Fertilizer: N- 120 lbs/ac, P- 60 lbs/ac, K- 40 lbs/ac, S- 10lbs/ac, Lime- 2tons/ac
  • Starter Fertilizer: 5 gallons of 10-34-0 applied at planting
  • Planting Date: April 16, 2019
  • Harvest Date: September 11, 2019

 

 

Tipton 

Table 11. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Tipton location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 4,842 9.7 54 27.3
M60GB31 3,574 8.7 52.8 22.3
M60GB88 3,303 6.8 58.1 22.3
AG1201 4,838 8 57.1 21.5
RS 124 4,978 9.5 57.6 25.6
ADV G3189 2,671 7.9 55.1 21.6
ADV XG117IG 3,148 7.8 56 20.8
ADV XG116IG  3,431 6.9 56.2 19.3
M54GR24 4,122 9.4 57.7 20.3
M59GB57 4,791 9.2 56.2 23.5
M59GB94 3,660 9.4 55.5 20.9
MG 4590 3,907 8.1 56.5 19
      
Average 3,939 8.5 56.1 22
CV 15.9      
LSD0.05 691.5      

 

 

 Table 12. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Tipton location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 2,262 7.1 52.7 24.5
ADV XG390IG 2,117 7.3 56.3 23.3
ADV XG009IG 1,980 6.3 50.3 23.3
RS 260E 3,421 10 55 16.9
XG 101 4,019 11.8 55.9 20.3
SP 43M80 5,860 11 58.6 23.8
SP 68M57 4,775 11 58.2 23.5
M62GB77 3,310 10.9 57.6 20
M69GR88 2,574 8.6 53.9 24.5
ADV XG141 4,427 9.9 55.7 24.9
ADV XG256 3,452 12.3 56.8 19
ADV XG9127 3,555 7.2 56.5 22
ADV XG397 2,861 8.4 60.1 18.9
ADV G2106 4,440 9.4 54.6 23.8
AG1203 4,002 12.3 54 25
ADV XG267  2,723 8.6 52.9 17.8
DKS 33-07 3,012 7 56.3 24.3
DKS 36-07 1,766 6.9 60.5 18
DKS 37-07 4,561 8.7 56.3 23.6
DKS 44-07 2,247 7.5 56.4 20.8
DKS 45-60 1,808 6.5 49.8 20.6
MG 5710 4,697 11.4 56.4 23.9
MG 5750 4,304 11.6 57.5 20.4
MG 5745W 5,018 11.7 57.6 16.3
      
Average 3,466 9.3 55.8 21.6
CV 17.1      
LSD0.05 1,145.70      
  • Cooperator: Mike Schultz and Gary Strickland
  • Tillage Practice: Conventionally tilled
  • Soil Series: Tipton Loam
  • Seeding rate: 55,200 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: Atrazine4L 2pt/ac + 1.3 pt/ac Dual
  • Fertilizer: N- 143 lbs/ac, P- 60 lbs/ac, K- 60 lbs/ac,
  • Starter Fertilizer: 5 gallons of 10-34-0 applied at planting
  • Planting Date: March 27, 2019
  • Harvest Date: August 29, 2019

 

  

Panhandle Trials

Adams:

 Table 13. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Adams location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 3,015 7.5 51.2 34.2
M60GB31 3,489 7.8 52.8 33.6
M60GB88 2,922 7.7 53.4 35.1
AG1201 4,072 7.5 51.9 33.9
RS 124 3,533 7.7 53.2 34.7
ADV G3189 4,100 7.8 52.8 36.3
ADV XG117IG 3,304 7.7 52.4 32.8
ADV XG116IG  4,103 7.8 52.5 33.9
ADV G1329 3,844 7.6 51.7 31.4
M54GR24 3,730 7.9 53.4 33.3
M59GB57 3,172 7.7 52.4 34
M59GB94 3,611 8.3 54.6 35.6
MG 4590 3,999 7.7 51.3 34.8
      
Average 3,607 7.7 52.6 34.1
CV 11.9      
LSD0.05 517.9      

 

 

Table 14. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Adams location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 4,281 9.2 55.7 36.8
ADV XG390IG 3,113 7.7 52.1 35.9
ADV XG009IG 2,416 8 50.1 37.1
RS 260E 2,909 7.9 53.1 35.4
XG 101 3,531 8.1 53.4 34.8
SP 43M80 4,069 7.7 53.1 34
SP 68M57 4,579 7.6 52.1 36.2
M62GB77 4,072 8 54.8 33.2
M69GR88 3,452 8.4 53.2 33.7
ADV XG141 3,419 7.8 52.7 36.5
ADV XG256 3,737 8.4 55.8 35.1
ADV XG9127 3,545 8.2 53.5 34.8
ADV XG397 2,787 8.1 53.4 33.8
ADV G2106 3,487 7.4 50.2 32.6
AG1203 3,963 6.9 47.3 36
ADV XG267  3,570 7.6 50.5 34.2
DKS 33-07 3,436 8.2 51.9 33.9
DKS 36-07 4,328 8 53.4 36.7
DKS 37-07 4,169 7.4 51.8 31.8
DKS 44-07 4,221 8.2 55.1 33.5
DKS 45-60 3,863 8.1 54.8 36.9
MG 5710 4,015 7.3 48.5 34.1
MG 5750 3,020 7.4 52.5 32.4
MG 5745W 2,981 6.3 41.8 31.8
      
Average 3,623 7.8 52.1 34.6
CV 12.3      
LSD0.05 648      

 

 

Table 15. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Adams location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 73B12 3,865 9.6 53 32.5
SP 74M21  4,375 9.4 51.3 31.5
SP 74C40 4,154 8.6 53.7 32.2
GX19981 5,940 8.4 56.1 33.9
ADV XG224 4,692 8 53 30.8
M71GR91 4,568 8.1 54.2 32.6
M72GB71 4,150 8 52.9 33.4
MG 5730 5,495 8.2 54.3 28.9
MG 5740 5,074 8 53.2 30.1
MG 5727 4,195 8.2 52.3 33
      
Average 4,651 8.4 53.4 31.9
CV 13.7      
LSD0.05 901.8      
  • Cooperator: Leon RichardTillage Practice: Conventional Till
  • Soil Series: Dalhart Fine Sandy Loam
  • Seeding rate: 44,300 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: Cinch ATZ Lite 2 qts/ac + 1 qt/ac Glyphosate+ 2oz/ac Huskie
  • Fertilizer: N- 80 lbs N/ac
  • Starter Fertilizer: 5 gallons of 10-34-0 applied at planting
  • Planting Date: June 7, 2019
  • Harvest Date: October 18, 2019

 

 

McCall (Irrigated)

 Table 16. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the McCall location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
SP 31A15 9,004 8.9 54.8
M60GB31 7,551 9.6 58.7
M60GB88 9,439 9.3 57.5
AG1201 9,159 9.1 56.3
RS 124 8,535 9.5 59
ADV G3189 9,479 9.6 59.4
ADV XG117IG 9,508 9.5 57.9
ADV XG116IG  9,510 9.6 58.7
ADV G1329 7,274 8.9 56.1
M54GR24 8,032 9.5 58.8
M59GB57 8,698 9.3 57
M59GB94 5,612 9.6 59.1
MG 4590 8,310 9.5 58.8
     
Average 8,470 9.4 57.9
CV 11.8    
LSD0.05 1,201.20    

 

 

 Table 17. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the McCall location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
ADV G2275 8,916 9.6 59.1
ADV XG390IG 8,684 9.5 57.8
ADV XG009IG 8,688 9.5 57
RS 260E 8,242 9.5 59.4
XG 101 2,868 9.5 57.5
SP 43M80 8,816 9.4 57.2
SP 68M57 9,439 9.6 58.9
M62GB77 8,372 7.6 47
M69GR88 9,760 9.1 55.2
ADV XG141 6,272 9.2 56.5
ADV XG256 6,710 9.6 58.5
ADV XG9127 9,284 9.4 57.7
ADV XG397 6,374 9.7 59.1
ADV G2106 9,797 9.3 56.6
AG1203 7,686 9.5 58.4
ADV XG267  7,553 9 55.1
DKS 33-07 9,425 9.4 57.3
DKS 36-07 8,728 9.4 58.1
DKS 37-07 8,641 9.5 58.2
DKS 44-07 9,374 9.5 60.1
DKS 45-60 9,127 9.6 59.3
MG 5710 11,114 9.1 55.9
MG 5750 7,332 9.4 58.8
MG 5745W 7,736 9.2 57.7
     
Average 8,289 9.3 57.3
CV 8.9    
LSD0.05 1,622.30    

 

 

Table 18. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the McCall location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
SP 73B12 7,146 9.6 56.1
SP 74M21  9,173 9.4 56.7
SP 74C40 7,433 9.4 57.4
GX19981 8,253 9.5 58.8
ADV XG224 7,699 9.3 56.9
M71GR91 8,330 9.3 58.6
M72GB71 7,156 9.5 57.9
MG 5730 7,958 9.5 59
MG 5740 9,265 9.3 58.6
MG 5727 5,781 9.2 54.9
     
Average 7,819 9.4 57.5
CV 9.7    
LSD0.05 1,074.20    
  • Cooperator: Cameron Murley
  • Tillage Practice: Strip-till into corn residue
  • Soil Series: Gruver Clay Loam
  • Target Population: 47,700 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: 1.6 qt/ac Charger Max ATZ + 32oz glyphosate/ac
  • Fertilizer: N- 150 lbs N/ac
  • Planting Date: June 3, 2020
  • Harvest Date: November 4, 2020 

 

 

Goodwell (Drip Irrigated)

 Table 19. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Goodwell drip location.

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 7,013 8.4 49 41.5
M60GB31 9,818 9.4 54.1 47.6
M60GB88 10,499 8.8 54.1 46.9
AG1201 8,482 9 54.1 48.3
RS 124 8,358 9.3 55 43.9
ADV XG117IG 9,237 8.8 50.8 44
ADV XG116IG  8,859 8.6 49 47.2
M54GR24 8,822 9.4 56 40.7
M59GB57 8,001 9.2 53.8 44.2
M59GB94 8,768 9.3 54 40.9
MG 4590 6,706 9.2 55.5 41.8
      
Average 8,596 9 53.2 44.3
CV 11.8      
LSD0.05 1,424.80      

 

 

Table 20. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Goodwell drip location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV XG390IG 7,059 9.3 51.8 48.8
ADV XG009IG 7,077 9.3 53.1 46.9
RS 260E 6,542 8.8 51.5 46.3
SP 43M80 5,748 7.2 41.1 45.9
SP 68M57 8,483 9.6 55.4 46.3
M62GB77 8,128 9.6 55.5 42.8
M69GR88 8,914 9.2 51.4 48
AG1203 8,862 9.3 52 46.6
DKS 33-07 8,181 9.4 53 44.3
DKS 36-07 9,242 9.2 52 42.7
DKS 37-07 8,213 9.3 53.9 45.1
DKS 44-07 9,776 9.6 56.7 43
DKS 45-60 8,701 10.1 55.2 41.6
MG 5710 6,396 6.3 36.7 42.2
MG 5750 8,191 8.8 51.7 40.6
MG 5745W 6,304 9 54 43.2
      
Average 7,863 9 51.6 44.6
CV 13.1      
LSD00.05 1,305.60    

 

 

 

Table 21. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Goodwell drip location. 

 Hybrid

Yield
lbs/ac
Harvest moisture
%
Test weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density (x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 73B12 7,896 9.7 53.5 45.8
SP 74M21  5,899 9.4 54.1 46.2
SP 74C40 4,214 9.6 54.5 43.9
M71GR91 5,291 9.3 53.4 45
M72GB71 4,200 9.7 51 43.7
MG 5730 7,300 9.5 53.3 41
MG 5740 5,695 9.5 51.5 42.8
MG 5727 5,033 9.3 52.6 43.6
      
Average 5,691 9.5 53 44
CV 16.5      
LSD0.05 1,528.40    

 

  •  Cooperator: Cameron Murley
  • Tillage Practice: Minimum Till
  • Soil Series: Gruver Clay Loam
  • Target Population: 47,700 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: 1.6 qt/ac Charger Max ATZ + 32oz glyphosate/ac
  • Fertilizer: N- 100 lbs N/ac applied through the drip
  • Planting Date: June 3, 2020
  • Harvest Date: November 4, 2020

 

 

Table 22. Planting date variety trial in Gate Oklahoma. Difference was determined by subtracting early planting from late planting. Early hybrids were designated as >60 DMB, while medium was 60 DBM to 70 DMB. Difference was the yield decline associated with later planting, more negative value would indicate a greater yield loss with late planting. 





MaturityA




Hybrid
Early
Planted
Yield


lbs/ac
Early
Planted

Harvest
moisture
%
Early Planted
Test weight
lbs/bu
Late
Planted
Yield


lbs/ac
Late
Planted
Harvest moisture

%
Late
Planted

Test weight
lbs/bu
Difference
Yield


bs/ac
E SP 31A15 3,791 7.6 53.6 2,421 8.4 52.3 -1,370
E M60GB31 4,239 7.9 58.1 2,210 9.6 52.8 -2,029
E M60GB88 4,105 8.2 58.1 1,934 9.1 53.2 -2,171
E RS124 4,693 8.6 60.3 1,943 10.1 52.4 -2,750
E M54GR24 4,054 8.5 60.1 1,837 8.4 54.1 -2,218
E M59GB94 3,842 7.6 57.7 3,240 9.1 53.1 -602
E MG 4590 4,245 8.7 60.3 1,831 7.6 53.8 -2,414
M RS 260E 4,480 8.9 62.9 1,712 8.7 53.8 -2,768
M SP 43M80 3,893 8.4 60.2 2,208 8.8 51.8 -1,685
M SP 68M57 4,385 9.1 61.5 1,703 7.9 50.9 -2,681
M M62GM77 4,301 8.7 60.9 1,635 7.7 52.7 -2,666
M M69GR88 4,771 10 60.1 1,639 8.3 53.1 -3,132
M AG1203 4,362 8.9 60.6 1,833 8.8 53.4 -2,529
M DKS 33-07 4,334 9.2 61.4 1,848 8.9 54.2 -2,487
M DKS 37-07 4,726 8.7 60.2 1,812 7.7 54 -2,915
M MG 5710 4,883 8.9 58.1 1,794 8.5 52.9 -3,089
M MG 5750 4,698 8.8 62.6 2,088 9.9 52.2 -2,610
          
  Average 4,341   Average 1,982   Average -2,360
  CV 7.4   CV 16.9      
  LSD0.05 561.4   LSD0.05 829.6      
  • Cooperator: Gary Graves
  • Tillage Practice: Conventional Till
  • Soil Series: Darrouzett Clay Loam
  • Target Population: 47,700 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: 1.6 qt/ac Charger Max ATZ + 32oz glyphosate/ac
  • Fertilizer: N- 100 lbs N/ac; P- 40 lbsP/ac
  • Early Planting:
  • Planting Date: May 21, 2020
  • Harvest Date: October 15, 2020
  • Late Planting:
  • Planting Date: June 24, 2020
  • Harvest Date: November 5, 2020

 

Bixby (Late-Planting) 

Table 23. Early hybrids (<60 DMB) at the Bixby location.

 Hybrid


Yield

lbs/ac
Harvest
moisture
%
Test
weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density
(x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 31A15 2,136 9.1 41.4 36.5
M60GB31 2,128 13.9 48.9 33.3
M60GB88 3,352 23.4 59.4 31.8
AG1201 3,083 10.5 57.6 37.2
RS 124 2,498 11 57.4 32.8
ADV G3189 2,593 11.7 55.3 32
ADV XG117IG 3,483 17.9 58.1 36.9
ADV XG116IG  2,526 19.1 57.3 35.8
ADV G1329 4,987 19 61 28.2
M54GR24 2,184 11.7 57.8 34.2
M59GB57 2,374 8 54.7 31.7
M59GB94 2,195 9.4 55.2 32
MG 4590 2,419 13.1 58.8 31.8
      
Average 2,766 13.7 55.6 33.4
CV 14.3      
LSD0.05 802.3      

 

 

Table 24. Medium hybrids (60 to 70 DMB) at the Bixby location.  

 Hybrid


Yield

lbs/ac
Harvest
moisture
%
Test
weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density
(x1,000)
plant/ac
ADV G2275 4,270 21.1 60.6 33.2
ADV XG390IG 4,119 14.4 60.4 31.2
ADV XG009IG 3,818 9.6 60.9 30.8
RS 260E 4,759 20.6 59.3 29.9
XG 101 3,664 27.3 61.1 30.2
SP 43M80 4,717 19.7 61.4 28.5
SP 68M57 6,178 26.5 59.4 30.4
M62GB77 3,084 21.8 60.2 31.2
M69GR88 4,028 13 60.4 33.8
ADV XG141 3,683 15.8 61.4 32.9
ADV XG256 4,333 21.7 58.2 34.1
ADV XG9127 4,237 21.2 59 32
ADV XG397 4,774 17.7 60.1 27.6
ADV G2106 4,843 14 59.8 30.1
AG1203 4,663 14.5 59.8 29.9
ADV XG267  4,482 8.8 59.9 30.5
DKS 33-07 3,611 11.8 60.3 31.1
DKS 36-07 4,448 11.1 61.2 32.4
DKS 37-07 4,178 9.9 59.6 30.8
DKS 44-07 3,119 9.8 60.8 30.4
DKS 45-60 4,117 23.2 62.1 28.9
MG 5710 3,976 18.2 63.2 29.7
MG 5750 4,960 9.4 58.9 30.6
MG 5745W 3,827 24.5 59.9 24.6
      
Average 4,245 16.9 60.3 30.6
CV 11.8      
LSD0.05 718.2    

 

 

 

 

 

Table 25. Late hybrids (>70 DMB) at the Bixby location.

 Hybrid


Yield

lbs/ac
Harvest
moisture
%
Test
weight
lbs/bu
Plant Density
(x1,000)
plant/ac
SP 73B12 5,783 26 58.7 28.9
SP 74M21  4,800 25.4 60.4 26.7
SP 74C40 4,256 24.7 59.9 25.9
GX19981 4,485 23.3 61.1 26.3
ADV XG224 3,558 22.8 60.3 27.1
M71GR91 3,223 21.2 55.1 26.3
M72GB71 3,658 24.1 58.2 27.4
MG 5730 3,593 22.9 54.4 28.2
MG 5740 5,743 17.9 62.2 29
MG 5727 4,586 19 55 28.1
      
Average 4,368 22.7 58.5 27.4
CV 15.3      
LSD0.05 1,008.70      
  • Cooperator: Butch Havener
  • Tillage Practice: Conventional Till
  • Soil Series: Wynona Silty Clay Loam
  • Target Population: 47,700 seeds/ac
  • Herbicide: 1.6 qt/ac Charger Max ATZ + 32oz glyphosate/ac
  • Fertilizer: N- 75 lbs N/ac
  • Planting Date: June 22, 2020
  • Harvest Date: October 20, 2020

  

 

Josh Lofton

  Assistant Professor

  Plant and Soil Sciences Dept. 

 

Gary Strickland

  SWREC Regional Agronomy Specialist

  Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

 

Chase Harris

  Senior Agriculturist

  Plant and Soil Sciences Dept.

 

Anna Zander

  Graduate Research Assistant

  Plant and Soil Sciences Dept.

 

Nikki Wyma

  Graduate Research Assistant

  Plant and Soil Sciences Dept.

 

Sumit Sharma

  Assistant Irrigation Specialist

  Plant and Soil Sciences Dept.

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