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Plant Profile  
FYUSE 3d image

Common Name: Osage Orange

Other Names: Bodark, Bowood, Hedgeapple, Horseapple, Bois d’Arc

Species Name: Maclura pomifera

Family Name: Moraceae





Plant Facts  
Origin North America
Sun Preference Full Sun
Susceptibility Leaf spot, bacterial leaf spot, blights, canker, rust, aphids, Japanese beetle, mining scale, foliar nematodes
Distribution in the U.S. Throughout the country
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Arching branches; stout thorns and short spurs
    • Glossy dark green leaves; pointed at tip and edges smooth
    • Bark tan-brown, papery; inner bark an iconic orange


    • Fruits huge, yellow-green, and “brain-like”
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Plant Height: 60-foot diameter, 60-foot height
    • Growth Form: Tree 
    • Leaf Type: Simple
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Entire
    • Leaf Blade Length: 6-13 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: Absent
    • Flower Timing: May
    • Fruit Type: Multiple of nutlets



Habitat Prairies and open woody uplands and bottomlands
Soil Type Adapted to most soil conditions
USDA Cold Hardiness Zone
Successional Stage Mid
Notes Very tough native tree; tolerant of wet and dry soils, high
pH, and summer heat; stem exudes a milky sap when cut



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