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Common Name: Mesquite

Other Names: Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite

Species Name: Prosopis glandulosa

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. South-central portion
Distribution in Oklahoma Western half of the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Zigzag branches with short spurs and stout spines
    • Compound leaves; narrow
    • Recognized by low, bush-like structure


    • White, woolly flower tassels; “caterpillar” like
    • Long, segmented bean pods
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Tree 
    • Leaf Type: Compound, 2 pinnately 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Entire
    • Leaf Blade Length: 7-20 centimeters (leaflets 1-3 centimeters)
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5
    • Flower Color: Creamy white to pale yellow
    • Flower Timing: May-June
    • Fruit Type: Legumes



Soil Type Sandy and gravel soils
Habitat Sandy, dry areas
Successional Stage Mid to late


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