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Corn Performance Trials in Oklahoma Panhandle 2022

Trial Objective

A corn hybrid trial was conducted at the Oklahoma Panhandle Research and Extension Center, Goodwell, OK. A total of 35 hybrids participated in the trials, belonging to five seed companies (listed below). These trials are conducted to evaluate performance of corn hybrids marketed in the Oklahoma Panhandle and adjacent areas as well as to provide unbiased information on performance of hybrids to Extension educators, farmers, the seed industry and dealers. The Oklahoma Panhandle is a semi-arid region with long-term mean annual rainfall of about 17 inches. It should be noted that corn hybrid performance varies with climatic conditions, therefore this trial represents corn performance under semi-arid conditions of the Oklahoma Panhandle and adjacent areas. Climate data and an overview of growing conditions is presented in following sections of this report.


The field was strip tilled on April 6, 2022. Soil samples were collected in early March, which showed a residual N of 38 lbs/acre up to 18 inches. Additional fertilizer was applied in the form of urea ammonium nitrate (32-0-0) to bring the available N levels to 200 lbs/acre. Mono-ammonium phosphate (12-61-0) was applied to bring available phosphorus levels up. A 40-foot-long two-row plot was planted for each hybrid at 30-inch spacing on April 26 with a John Deere two row planter. A starter fertilizer (10-34-0 or diammonium phosphate) was applied with planting at rate of 5 gallons per acre. The trial was planted in three replications in randomized complete block design. Plots were harvested with a Kincaid 8XP plot harvest combine on October 18, 2022. The crop was irrigated through a lateral irrigation system fitted with sprinkler nozzles. The crop was managed for weeds using pre- and post-emergence herbicides. No major weed issues were noticed in the field. Some infestation of spider mites was noticed especially along the borders of the field where trials were executed. Therefore, the field was sprayed for both mites and grasshoppers just before tasseling. Pesticides were sprayed for grasshoppers as a precaution, although no infestation has occurred. The average yield from hybrid trials at the Oklahoma Panhandle Research and Extension Center was 176 and 215 bushels per acre in 2020 and 2021, respectively.


Brand Contact Email
DynaGro Brandon Tripp
Channel Mark Bartel
Stine Monte Thompson
Dekalb Kagan Randolph
Midland Genetics Chris Hanson

Table 1. Participating seed companies and their contacts.



A line graph comparing long term and the year, 2022, average air temperature (F) to January through December.

Figure 1. Average air temperature in 2022 compared to long-term (2012-2021) average.



A bar graph comparing long term and the year,2022, rain (inches) through January - December.

Figure 2. Average monthly rainfall in 2022 in comparison to long term average (2012-2021).


Growing Conditions

The year 2022 carried over the drought conditions from the previous year, and the whole year remained under extreme drought with cumulative rainfall of only 6.48 inches at the experiment site, which was the lowest ever recorded for any Oklahoma site in 134 years. In addition to dry conditions, this year recorded an exceptionally hot July with monthly average temperatures exceeding the long-term normal (2012-2021) by at least 4oF. This time period coincided with tasseling as well as silking growth stages, which affected pollination in the hybrids and overall yields. The active months (May-August) of the growing season registered only 5.1 inches of rain, out of which only three rain events were more than 0.5 inches. Total irrigation provided to the crops was 20 inches during the growing season, which was the best watering capacity available at the experiment station. Overall, the conditions were challenging for crops in 2022 due to lack of rainfall and excessive heat, which made weather the major yield limiting factor.


Data Analysis

Harvest data included yield, moisture at harvest and test weight. The yield was adjusted to 15.5% moisture level for all the hybrids. The data was analyzed using SAS 9.4 software. The least significant difference was used to determine the difference between performance of hybrids. The LSD is the minimum difference between the yield of two hybrids to consider them different in terms of performance. For example, if LSD is 10 bushels, then the difference less than 10 bushels in average yields of two hybrids indicates that the hybrids have performed similarly. Whereas in the case the difference among yields was greater than 10 bushels, then the hybrids have performed differently. The difference in hybrids, despite similar performance due to LSD, could be due to random factors including soil, moisture, fertility, etc. The LSD for this trial is provided with the results table. The mean yield for this trial was 72 bushels per acre and LSD of 36.6.


Brand Hybrid Maturity Moisture (%) Test Wt. (lbs/b u) Yield (bu/ac)
Midland Genetics MG KS 117-30 PRX 117 11.4 55.6 108a*
DynGro D55VC80 115 11.3 53.6 108a*
Midland Genetics MG KS117-12 TREX 117 11.3 55.6 102c-c*
Dekalhb 65-95 VT2 115 10.7 54.1 101a-d*
Midland Genetics MG 672 VLG 114 11.4 55.4 96a-d*
Midland Genetics MG KS115-22 VLGX 115 11.2 43.1 91a-f*
Midland Genetics MG 752PWE 115 11.7 42.6 90a-f*
Dekalb 62-89 TRE 112 11.0 54.0 85a-g*
Midland Genetics MG 442 TRE 110 11.5 54.3 83a-g*
DynGro D53SS13 113 10.5 53.0 78a-h*
Stine 9816-20 117 11.5 53.3 78a-h*
Stine 9658-32 107 10.5 53.8 77a-h*
Stine 9817-30 115 10.1 53.5 76a-h*
DynGro D57TC29 117 15.5 53.6 74a-h*
Dekalb 67-94 TRE 117 12.4 54.8 73a-h*
Midland Genetics MG 832 VLG 118 13.3 54.3 72a-h*
Midland Genetics MG KS117-20 PRX 117 12.2 56.2 71b-h
Brevant B13A10AM 113 10.5 55.4 71b-h
Stine 9808-E-20 116 12.4 56.9 70c-h
DynGro D54VC14 114 11.4 55.2 69c-h
Channel 217-01VT2PRIB 117 11.3 54.8 68c-h
Brevant B09Z08AM 109 10.8 54.7 68c-h
Brevant B14Z97Q 114 10.7 54.0 68c-h
Stine MX442-20 103 10.7 53.9 67c-j
Midland Genetics MG 559 PWE 113 12.3 52.0 67c-j
Stine 9752-32 113 12.0 54.6 65d-j
Brevant B12C01AM 112 10.5 55.5 63e-j
Stine 9728-E-20 111 10.9 54.8 63e-j
Dekalb 63-91 VT2 113 11.3 53.9 58f-j
DynGro D58VC22 118 11.3 55.0 52g-j
Dekalb 65-84 SS 115 11.6 55.9 51g-j
Dekalb 60-80 VT2 110 11.5 52.7 46h-j
Channel 218-55TRERIB 118 11.2 53.9 34i-j
Midland Genetics MG 822 VLG 118 13.7 54.3 31jk
Brevant B17Z18AM 117 11.0 51.4 31k

* Hybrids were not statistically different from highest yielding hybrid (p<0.05)

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