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Common Name: Virginia Creeper

Species Name: Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Vitaceae, Grape Family





Plant Facts  
Origin China
Sun Preference Full Sun
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Eastern half as far west as southeastern South Dakota, eastern Nebraska, Kansas and Texas
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Readily recognized by “leaves of 5”; leaves serrated
    • Climbing stems with branched tendrils
    • Bright red foliage in fall


    • Produces clusters of black to blue-black berries
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Plant Height: 100-foot height
    • Leaves: Alternate, palmately compound, 3-5 leaflets, elliptic to obovate-oblong, 1.5-4 inches long, 0.5-2.5 inches wide, coarsely
    • Growth Form: Woody vines
    • Leaf Type: Compound, palmately 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Serrated
    • Leaf Blade Length: 7-15 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 4-5
    • Flower Color: Green
    • Flower Timing: May-June 
    • Fruit Type: Berries



Habitat Attached to the trunks of trees and forming large masses of foliage in their crowns, forest edges and openings
Soil Preference Moist, well-drained sand, loam, clay and rocky soil; adapted to most soil conditions
USDA Cold Hardiness Zone 3
Successional Stage Mid to late
Notes Fast growth rate; salt tolerant


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