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Common Name: Violet Wood Sorrel

Species Name: Oxalis violacea

Plant Type: Forb

Family Name: Oxalidaceae, Wood Sorrel Family



Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Eastern half to the Rocky Mountains
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • “Clover-like” leaves consisting of 3 clubs
    • Stems branch from base terminating in single leaf
    • Leaves can have purplish hues; especially on the underside


    • Flowers pink to purple; 5-petaled
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Leaf Type: Compound 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Basal
    • Leaf Shape: Heart-shaped
    • Stipules: Absent
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5, Unfused
    • Flower Color: Purplish pink or violet 
    • Flower Timing: April-June and August to first frost
    • Fruit Type: Capsules



Soil Type Clay, loam and sandy soils
Habitat Prairies and open forests
Successional Stage Late


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