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Common Name: Tumble Windmillgrass

Other Names: Windmillgrass

Species Name: Chloris verticillata Nutt.

Plant Type: Grasses & Grass-like

Family Name: Poaceae





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Season Warm
Distribution in the U.S. Central and southern Great Plains
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics
    • The ligule is small with long hairs behind and at the margins
    • Roots at the nodes and spreads
    • Panicle of 6-20 spicate branches, partly in vericels
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Sheath: Keeled, without hair
    • Blade: Folded, keeled especially toward the base, without hair to rough (scabrous)
    • Ligule: Ciliate membrane, truncate, with long hairs behind and at the margins
    • Culm: Decumbent and geniculate below, erect above, flattened, solid, often rooting at the lower nodes
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Inflorescence: Panicle
    • Spikelet: Florets 2; fertile lemma keeled
    • Awns: Fertile lemma awned from below the tip, rudiment lemma awned
    • Glumes: Unequal, first shorter than the second glume



Soil Type All types
Habitat Lawns, pastures, deteriorated rangeland, roadsides and waste areas
Successional Stage Mid


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