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Plant Profile  
FYUSE 3d Image

Common Name: Smooth Sumac

Other Names: Scarlet Sumac, White Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Species Name: Rhus glabra

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Anacardiaceae, Cashew Family



Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Throughout the country with the exception of California, the northwest and northeast corners and areas along the Gulf of Mexico
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Generally forms large stands
    • Woody plants unbranching above and branching below
    • Pinnately compound leaves


    • Berries typically in branching cluster; red in color
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth form: Shrub
    • Leaf Type: Compound, 1-pinnately 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Serrated
    • Leaf Blade Length: 30-46 centimeters (leaflets 2-4 centimeters)
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5
    • Flower Color: White or cream
    • Flower Timing: May-June
    • Fruit Type: Drupes



Soil Type Variable
Habitat Open sites, especially at the interface between forest and prairie
Successional Stage Early (forest) and late (prairie)


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