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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Silverleaf Nightshade

Other Names: White Horse-Nettle

Species Name: Solanum elaeagnifolium  

Plant Type: Forb

Family Name: Solanaceae, Nightshade Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. South central from Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas and Louisiana southwest to Arizona
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Oblong leaves with beveled edges
    • Silvery-white fuzz coating foliage 


    • Flowers are star shaped; purple with yellow center
    • Berries round and yellow
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
    • Stipules: Absent
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5, fused 
    • Flower Color: Pale to deep blue or violet, rarely white
    • Flower Timing: May-September
    • Fruit Type: Berries



Soil Type Clay, loam and sandy soils
Habitat Cultivated fields, feedlots, right-of-ways, overgrazed pastures and waste areas
Successional Stage Early, but grows in all stages


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