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Common Name: Sandsage

Other Names: Sand Sagebrush, Sand Wormwood

Species Name: Artemisia filifolia

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Asteraceae, Sunflower Tribe





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Throughout the Great Plains from Wyoming and the Dakotas to northern Mexico; also found in the southern portion of the Great Basin in Nevada, Utah and Arizona
Distribution in Oklahoma Western third of the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Low-growing shrub; branching low
    • Noticeable gray foliage
    • Leaves thread-like; can have none to 3 lobes
    • Leaves smell of mentholatum when crushed
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Shrubs
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Entire to 3-lobed (some leaves filiform)
    • Leaf Blade Length: 1.5-6 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 1-3 ray florets, 1-6 disc florets
    • Flower Color: Discs white to yellow-white
    • Flower Timing: July-October 
    • Fruit Type: Achenes



Soil Type Sandy
Habitat Stabilized sand dunes or deep loose sands
Successional Stage Late


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