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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Sand Plum

Other Names: Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Species Name: Prunus angustifolia

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Rosaceae, Rose Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Southeastern quarter as far west as western Kansas and Texas
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state except Cimarron county and at the end of the Panhandle



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Recognized by its thicket habit
    • Shiny, reddish zigzagging twigs with stout thorns
    • Leaves light green, shiny
    • Midribs of some leaves recurved; some leaves partially fold up along midrib


    • Five white petals per flower
    • Large, red to orange singular fruits
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Shrub 
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Serrated
    • Leaf Blade Length: 2-6 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5
    • Flower Color: White
    • Flower Timing: March-April 
    • Fruit Type: Drupes



Soil Type Sandy soils
Habitat Sandhills along rivers
Successional Stage Mid to late


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