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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Rescuegrass

Other Names: Rescue Brome

Species Name: Bromus catharticus

Plant Type: Grasses & Grass-like

Family Name: Poaceae

Tribe: Bromeae, Bromegrass Tribe




Plant Facts  
Origin  South America
Duration Annual or short-lived perrenial
Season Cool
Distribution in the U.S. Throughout most of the continental US; primarily in the southern half
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics
    • Silvery, cellophane-like, jagged-edged ligule
    • Flower spikelet is made up of 6-12 relatively large florets that are 12-20 millimeters long
    • Florets have short awns at the tip and break apart at maturity
    • Leaf is rolled in the bud, and flat, sparsely hairy
    • Fused leaf sheaths
    • Large, flat pale green seed heads
    • Seed head lack awns
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Blade: Flat, sparsely hair
    • Ligule: Membranous; jagged-edged, tall and rounded with hairs
    • Sheath: Pilose; compressed and closed, forming a tube around the stem
    • Plant Height: 10-60 centimeters
    • Leaves: Cauline
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Seed Head: Panicle
    • Seed Fruit: Caryopsis, a dry single seed; the seed is tan, without hairs, and about half an inch in size
    • Inflorescence Type: Panicles
    • Florets Per Spikelet: 5-10
    • Glumes: Unequal



Soil Type Various; sand, loam, clay
Habitat Pastures, golf courses, prairies, open fields, roadsides, waste areas, lawns, disturbed areas, right-of-ways, recreational fields and lawns
Successional Stage Early, but invades all


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