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Plant Profile  
FYUSE 3D Image

Common Name: Purple Prairie Clover

Species Name: Dalea Purpurea

Plant Type: Legume

Family Name: Fabaceae, Pea Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Midwest; from Canada south to Texas and New Mexico and from Tennessee and Arkansas to Colorado and Montana
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Elongated stems that only branch at the top
    • Small gland-dotted leaves
    • Herbage has citrus scent


    • Large, elongated flower head with purple flowers ringing around the base
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Leaf Type: Compound, 1 – pinnately
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Shape: Linear or oblong
    • Stipules: Present
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5, unfused
    • Flower Color: Purple or rose-purple 
    • Flower Timing: June-September
    • Fruit Type: Legumes



Soil Type Moderately-drained sand, sandy loam
Habitat Prairies, open, rocky, upland woods and limestone sites
Successional Stage Late


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