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Common Name: Inland Saltgrass

Other Names: Saltgrass

Species Name: Distichlis spicata

Plant Type: Grasses & Grass-like

Family Name: Poaceae, Grass Family

Tribe: Aeluropodeae, Saltgrass Tribe





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Season Warm
Distribution in the U.S. Western half and extends to Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
Distribution in Oklahoma Western two-thirds of the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Alternating, stiff, short leaves
    • Rhizomatous scales at base of stem transition into leaves


    • Compact, flat seed heads with short branches 5-25 florets per spikelet 
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Plant Height: 9-35 centimeters
    • Ligule Type: Ciliate
    • Sheath: Glabrous or pilose
    • Leaves: Cauline
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Inflorescence Type: Spikes and panicles
    • Florets Per Spikelet: 5-25
    • Glumes: Unequal



Soil Type Saline and alkaline
Habitat Salt tolerant
Successional Stage Early to mid


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