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Common Name: Green Hawthorn

Other Names: Green Haw

Species Name: Crataegus viridis

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Rosaceae, Rose Family



Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Southeastern quarter and up the Mississippi River valley
Distribution in Oklahoma Eastern half of the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Dull, smooth yellow-green leaves
    • Leaves finely serrated; wide towards tip
    • Sparse thorns
    • Bark pale gray and scaly


    • Flowers white with 5 petals
    • Single fruits on long stems, red in color
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Tree 
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Fine teeth; sometimes with shallow lobes
    • Leaf Blade Length: 2-6 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 5
    • Flower Color: White
    • Flower Timing: April-May
    • Fruit Type: Pomes



Soil Type Clay and sandy soils
Habitat Disturbed sites such as abandoned croplands, heavily grazed, introduced pastures, edges of forests, open second-growth woods and thickets along streams
Successional Stage Early


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