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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood

Species Name: Populus deltoides

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Salicaceae, Willow Family





Plant Facts  
Origin North America
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Eastern half of the country, as far west as the foothills of the Rocky Mountains
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state
Sun Preference Full Sun
Susceptibility Coral-spot fungus, leaf spot, canker, wilt, root rot and nematode



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Massive trunks with deeply furrowed, gray bark
    • Leaves triangular with a pointed tip and curved corners
    • Leaves fully serrated on edges; flutter in the slightest breeze


    • Catkins pendulous and later produce white fuzzy seeds (cotton)
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Plant Height: 75-foot diameter, 90-foot height
    • Leaves: Alternate, simple, deltoid-ovate or broad ovate, 3-5 inches long, serrated
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Round-toothed
    • Growth Form: Trees
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 0
    • Flower Color: Green (catkins)
    • Flower Timing: March-April
    • Fruit Type: Capsules



Habitat Sandbars, floodplains, and edges of streams, ponds and reservoirs
Soil Preference Adapted to most soil conditions; prefers wet, barren soils
USDA Cold Hardiness Zone
Notes Fast grower, weak wooded
Successional Stage Early and mid


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