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Common Name: Common Hackberry

Other Names: Northern Hackberry, False Elm

Species Name: Celtis occidentalis

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Ulmaceae, Elm Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. Eastern half except for the southern third
Distribution in Oklahoma Mostly northern half, except panhandle



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Light gray, warty bark
    • Pointed, thin, serrate, membranous leaves
    • Leaves have three veins


    • Reddish brown to orange red single, round fruits
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Tree 
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Serrated
    • Leaf Blade Length: 5-11 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: Absent
    • Flower Timing: April-June
    • Fruit Type: Drupes
    • Reddish brown to orange red single, round fruits



Soil Type Variable
Habitat Moist soils of floodplains and lower slopes
Successional Stage Mid to late


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