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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Chittamwood

Other Names: Gum Bumelia, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittam, Gum Elastic, Gum Bully

Species Name: Sideroxylon lanuginosum

Plant Type: Woody

Family Name: Sapotaceae, Sapodilla Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Perennial
Distribution in the U.S. East Central Missouri southwestward to northeastern Mexico; also in the southern portions of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and the northern part of Florida
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics


    • Iconic oblong, glossy leaves; usually lime green in color
    • Short, stout thorns
    • Bark deeply fissured; gray-brown tinged with red


    • Dense, small clusters of greenish cream flowers at leaf bases
    • Purplish black berries
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Growth Form: Trees or shrubs
    • Leaf Type: Simple 
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate 
    • Leaf Blade Edge: Entire
    • Leaf Blade Length: 2-8 centimeters
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 4-8
    • Flower Color: Greenish or cream white
    • Flower Timing: June-July
    • Fruit Type: Berries



Soil Type Sandy soils
Habitat Open woods
Successional Stage Mid to late


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