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Plant Profile  
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Common Name: Bitter Sneezeweed

Other Names: Narrowleaved Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellowdicks

Species Name: Helenium amarum

Family Name: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family





Plant Facts  
Origin Native
Duration Annual
Distribution in the U.S. Eastern half of the country
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state except in the northwest



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics
    • Profuse branching of stem gives bushy appearance
    • Small, narrow leaves
    • Spicy odor when crushed
    • Flower head is yellow with spherical center and downward pointing, lobed petals
  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Leaf Type: Simple
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
    • Leaf Shape: Linear to linear-filiform
    • Stipules: Absent
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petal Number: 8-10
    • Flower Color: Yellow
    • Flower Timing: July-October
    • Fruit Type: Achenes



Soil Type All
Habitat Waste areas, right-of-ways and abused pastures
Successional Stage Early


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