Skip to main content


Open Main MenuClose Main Menu

Common Name: American Elm

Species Name: Prunus americana Marsh.

Family Name: Rosaceae

Plant Type: Tree



Plant Facts  
Origin North America
Duration Perennial
Distribution in Oklahoma Throughout the state, especially central and northeast
Sun Preference Intermediately shade tolerant
Susceptibility Diseases similar to those of peaches and plums; black knot and brown rot diseases



ID Characteristics

  • Field Identification Characteristics

    Thicket-forming shrub or small tree, desirable fruits, origin of many varieties of improved cultivars

  • Leaf and Stem Characteristics
    • Plant Height: 6-inch diameter, 20-foot height
    • Leaves: Decidious broadleaf
    • Leaf Type: Simple
    • Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
    • Leaf Shape: Obovate to oblong-ovate
    • Stipule: Yes
  • Floral Characteristics
    • Petals: Fragrant and showy
    • Petal Number: 5
    • Flower Color: White
    • Flower Timing: Early Spring
    • Fruit Type: Stone Fruit



Habitat Woodland to open forest
Soil Type Coarse-textured, nutrient-rich
USDA Cold Hardiness Zone 6 to 8
Successional Stage Mid-successional


Back To Top