Coleus is a time-honored plant that is full of character. It is well known for its
foliage colors, patterns, and forms and great for shade as well as indoor as a houseplant.
Many cultivars are now full sun tolerant and are one of Oklahoma’s best full sun foliage
Coleus is an upright annual or herbaceous perennial in the Lamiaceae (mint) family.
This plant grows best in moist, rich, loose soil in part shade, even tolerating full
shade. Full shade may lead to leggy growth. Soils must not be allowed to dry out.
Remove flower spikes as they appear. Pinch plant stem tips to keep plants compact
and to promote bushiness. Coleus has attractive foliage, succulent stems, and comes
in many colors, providing year-round interest. Cultivars range in size from dwarf
6” tall plants to large mounded 36” tall plants. It may be used as a tender annual
outdoors in a bed, a border, a hanging basket, or container. If grown as a houseplant,
it requires bright light. Aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites, especially on indoor
plants, can sometimes be a problem.
Exposure: Full sun to shade
Soil: Moist, well-drained
Hardiness: Use as an annual