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Nyssa sylvatica

Black gum is an eastern native growing slowly to 50’ to 60’ or more. They are picturesque shade trees with beautiful summer foliage and gorgeous fall color. New selections of black gum are more resistant to leaf spot, which can occasionally be a problem, and have excellent form. Wildfire (N. sylvatica ‘Wildfire’) grows slowly to 60’ high by 25’ wide. New growth of Wildfire emerges red; leaves mature to a shiny dark green; and fall color is bright red. Fire Master™ (Nyssa sylvatica 'PRP1') grows about 50’ to 60’ tall and 25’ wide with a strong central leader; leaves turn a crimson red fall color. Red Rage™ (N. sylvatica ‘Hayman Red’) exhibits more leaf spot resistance than other cultivars and appears to be slightly smaller, growing 30’ to 50’ tall. Flowers of black gum are insignificant, but an important nectar source for bees and pollinators. The small, black fruits that follow are loved by birds. Black gums are an excellent tree for urban and street plantings and their neat habit requires little to no pruning to maintain their excellent shape.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Soil: Prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil, but is adaptable
Hardiness: USDA Zone 4-9
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