Skip to main content

Outdoor Water Conservation: Water Saving Design Ideas for Oklahoma Landscapes

About this guide:

Sketch of landscape designs.

The City of Oklahoma City Utilities Department has partnered with the Oklahoma State University

Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture and the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service to promote outdoor water conservation through proper outdoor watering and drought-tolerant landscaping. The designs in this guide provide several concepts incorporating the different elements and principles of design. These designs are intended to provide inspiration and ideas for a typical residential application. The plants listed in this guide are suitable for Oklahoma and were chosen for their heat and drought tolerance.

 

How to use this guide:

This booklet provides six different landscape designs all differing in general concept and in array of plant selection and planting strategy. Each design is accompanied by a narrative explaining the basic elements and principles to each concept and how plants can be used to compliment the forms created by bed arrangements, lawns, and hardscape areas.

 

The designs provided are intended to serve as inspiration and generate ideas for specific application to residential properties. Various factors such as lot size, architectural features, and environmental conditions affect decisions made in landscape design. Additional plants well-suited for Oklahoma water conservation can be found in the Plant Selections for Oklahoma booklet. The plants listed are not all inclusive and many other plants not listed in this booklet may be appropriate for the landscape.

 

Seven Principles For Creating a Water Conservering Landscape

 

1. Good Landscape Plaining and Design

Consider aspects of your property such as building footprint, utilizing hardscape areas, slope and drainage, areas for turf as needed, and attractive looking plants that require limited water use.

 

2. Low Water Use Plants

Many attractive native plant cultivars that are well-suited for the natural environmental conditions are available at local nurseries and garden centers. Other drought tolerant non-native species may be appropriate if tolerant of temperature extremes and other conditions such as soil type, sun requirements, and disease resistance. Use moderate water using plants near the home and heavily trafficked areas and transition to very low water use plants near property perimeter and in less visible areas.

 

3. Appropriate Turf Areas

Turf has its purpose in the landscape, but should be used efficiently and effectively. Consider how the turf area will be used when selecting a turf species. Bermuda grass can be maintained at a lower height, making it ideal for high traffic areas that will be used for play areas and recreation. Buffalo Grass, Blue Grama Grass or a similar native mix is a better water conserving alternative for turf areas that will not be as intensely used.

 

4.Efficient Irrigation

Plants should be grouped into water use zones to maximize efficient irrigation and prevent over watering. Irrigate turf areas separate from other areas. Drip irrigation in other planting areas will prevent water being wasted by runoff. Rain sensors can be installed on controllers to prevent unneeded irrigation when the soil has adequate moisture for plant health. Water cisterns can be tied into roof drain systems, collecting stormwater that can be used for supplemental watering in garden areas for vegetables and herbs.

 

5. Soil Improvements

Addition of organic matter and other soil amendments will provide a healthy growing medium for plants, keeping plants from becoming overstressed during extreme environmental conditions.

 

6. Use of Mulches

Mulch acts as a buffer retaining soil moisture, preventing weed growth, and can help control soil erosion caused by stormwater runoff.

 

7. Appropriate Maintenance

Careful attention to routine maintenance is important in a landscape’s aesthetic and functional quality. Pruning, weeding and using an organic fertilizer at regular intervals will help the landscape continue to grow and achieve the initial intended design.

 

Rectilinear Design Concept

This landscape design concept emphasizes architectural features of the home by aligning trees and planting beds with elements such as exterior walls, windows and doors. Plants are placed and organized in a very formal, or grid-like, fashion. Selected plants should be very uniform and neat in nature. Smaller ornamental plants should be arranged in single species masses, utilizing either triangular or soldier type spacing. This type of design compliments the architectural aspects of a property and provides a very orderly landscape for easy maintenance.

 Rectilinear Design Sample.

 

Legend 1. Landscape Planting Options

Rectilinear Design Concept : Legend
Symbol  Description
 Circle representing canopy shade trees.

Canopy Shade Trees

 SHUMARD OAK - Quercus shumardii

 CADDO SUGAR MAPLE - Acer saccharum var Caddo

 CHINESE PISTACHE - Pistacia chinensis

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees represented by a flower like circle.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

CRAB APPLE - Malus 'Prairie Fire'

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines through it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

MEXICAN PLUM - Prunus mexicana

WESTERN SOAPBERRY - Sapindus drummondii

Evergreen screen tree represented by a smaller circle with squiggles in it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

CHINESE JUNIPER - Juniperus chinesis

ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER - Juniperus scopulorum

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.  

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Rhus aromatica 'Grow Low'

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhys typhina 'Laciniata'

RED YUCCA - Hesperaloe parviflora

 

Grasses

BIG BLUESTEM - Andropogon gerardii

PRAIRIEDROPSEED - Sporobolus heterolepsis

MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS - Nassella tenuissima

 

Perennials

COMMON YARROW - Achillea millefolium

MYRTLE EUPHORBIA - Euphorbia myrsinites

RUSSIAN SAGE - Perovskia atriplicifolia

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

COMMON JUNIPER - Juniperus communis

MEXICAN FIRE - Anisacanthus quadrifidus

PRIVET - Ligustrum spp.

 

Grasses

MAIDEN GRASS - Miscanthus sinensis

SWITCH GRASS - Panicum virgatum

BLUE OAT GRASS - Helioctichon sempervierens

 

Perennials

PURPLE CONEFLOWER -  Echinacea purpurea

GIANT CONEFLOWER - Rudbeckia maxima

MUGWORT - Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.  

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

SHRUB ROSES 'KNOCKOUT' - Rosa spp.

KOREAN SPICE VIBRURNUM - Viburnum carlesii

 

Grasses

BLUE LYME GRASS - Leymus arenarius

FEATHER REED GRASS - Calamagrostis 'Karl Foerster'

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

DAYLILY - Hemerocallis spp.

IRIS - Iris spp.

BLUE MIST - Caryopteris x clandonesis

Low water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with small arrows pointing down.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area represented by smaller black arrows pointing down.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

ZOYSIA GRASS - Zoysia spp.

 

Curvilinear Design concept

This landscape design concept uses swooping gestures and large tangent arcing forms to mimic a more naturalistic looking landscape. The forms created by this design strategy suggests movement that should be reflected in plant selection. Large masses of airy perennials and shrubs can be grouped in a swooping contour to bed edges, with intermittent structural plantings to provide contrast and anchor ends of planting beds. Try and avoid creating tight, acute angles at bed intersections and near hardscape areas. These sharp angles can present maintenance challenges, making it difficult to plant, mow, and water effectively.

 

Curvilinear Design Sample.

 

Legend 2. Landscape Planting Options

Symbol  Description
Canopy shade trees represented by a circle with a small circle in the middle of it.

Canopy Shade Trees

 SHUMARD OAK - Quercus shumardii

 CADDO SUGAR MAPLE - Acer saccharum var Caddo

 CHINESE PISTACHE - Pistacia chinensis

Moderate/low sater usage ornamental trees represented by a circle that looks like a flower.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

JAPANESE TREE LILAC - Syringa reticulata

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines in it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

MEXICAN PLUM - Prunus mexicana

DESERT WILLOW - Chilopsis linearis

Evergreen screen tree represented by a circle with squiggles in it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

CHINESE JUNIPER - Juniperus chinensis

ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER - Juniperus scopulorum

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Rhus aromatica 'Grow Low'

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'

NINEBARK - Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

 

Grasses

BIG BLUESTEM - Andropogon gerardii

MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS - Nassella tenussima

PURPLE THREE AWN - Aristida purpurea

 

Perennials

EVENING PRIMROSE - Oenothera macrocarpa

CATMINT - Euphorbia myrsinites

AUTUMN SAGE - Salvia greggii

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

WINTER JASMINE - Jasminum nudiflorum

MEXICAN FIRE - Anisacanthus quadrifidus

FLAME HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera x heckrotti

 

Grasses

MAIDEN GRASS - Miscanthus sinensis

INDIAN GRASS - Sorghastrum nutans

BLUE OAT GRASS - Helictotrichon sempervirens

 

Perennials

COREOPSIS - Coreopsis spp

PRAIRIE BLAZING STAR - Liatris pycnostachya

MUGWORT - Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

CHASTE TREE - Vitex agnus-castrus

SMOKE TREE - Cotinus coggygria

DECIDUOUS HOLLY - Ilex decidua

 

Grasses

BLUE LYME GRASS - Leymus arenarius

NORTHERN SEA OATS - Chasmanthium latifolium

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

GAURA - Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'

JAPANESE PAINTED FERN - Athyrium nipponicum

ARKANSAS BLUESTAR - Amsonia hubrichtii

Low water usage turf/lawn area represented by arrows that point down.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area represented by smaller arrows that point down.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BERMUDA GRASS - Cynodon dactylon

 

Radial Design Concept

This landscape design concept utilizes several circular center points strategically placed, based off architectural elements, and radiating arcs to create a combination of hardscape forms, planting beds, and lawn areas. Layer plantings in this configuration is important to create picturesque views from seating areas. Consider plant height, color and foliage texture when using this layer technique. Use taller plants near edges of the property and the home. Transition to shorter plants when nearing hardscape areas. Use differing plant textures when layering to provide contrast in foliage and movement. Also consider plants' color and time of bloom to provide year-round interest.

 

Radial Design Sample.

 

 

Legend 3. Landscape Planting Options.

Symbol  Description
 Canopy shade trees represented by a circle with a little circle in the middle.

Canopy Shade Trees

KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE - Gymnocladus diocia

THORNLESS HONEY LOCUST - Gleditsia triacanthos

GOLDEN RAIN - Koelreuteria paniculata

Moderate/low water usage ornamental trees represented by a flower in the shape of a circle.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

CRAB APPLE - Malus 'Prairie Fire'

SHANTUNG MAPLE - Acer truncatum

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines through it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

MEXICAN PLUM - Prunus mexicana

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

Evergreen screen time with a circle with lines through it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

EASTERN ARBORVITAE - Thuja occidentalis

ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER - Juniperus scopulorum

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Rhus aromatica 'Grow Low'

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'

NINEBARK - Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

 

Grasses

BIG BLUESTEM - Andropogon geradii

PURPLE THREE AWN - Aristida purpurea

MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS - Nassella tenuissima

 

Perennials

COMMON YARROW - Achillea millefolium

BUTTERFLY WEED - Asclepias tuberosa

RUSSIAN SAGE - Perovskia atriplicifolia

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FLAME HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera x heckrotti

MEXICAN FIRE - Anisacanthus quadrifidus

 

Grasses

MAIDEN GRASS - Miscanthus sinensis

SWITCH GRASS - Panicum virgatum

SIDEOATS GRAMA - Bouteloua curtipendula

 

Perennials

PURPLE CONEFLOWER - Echinacea purpurea

COREOPSIS - Coreopsis spp.

VERBENA - Verbena canadensis

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with lots of dots in it.

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

SHRUB ROSES 'KNOCKOUT' - Rosa spp.

DECIDUOUS HOLLY - Ilex decidua

 

Grasses

BLUE LYME GRASS - Leymus arenarius

NORTHERN SEA OATS - Chasmanthium latifolium

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

INDIAN BLANKETFLOWER - Gailardia x gradiflora

BLACK EYED SUSAN - Rudbeckia hirta

BLUE MIST -Caryopteris x clandonensis

Low water usage turf/lawn area represeented by arrows that point downward.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area with lots of arrows pointing downward.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BERMUDA GRASS - Cynodon dactylon

 

Geometric Design Concept

This landscape design concept is similar to the rectilinear concept in terms of forms perpendicular to architectural features. It differs in its use of repeating patterns that are similar and proportionate to one another or abstractions that mimic other forms in the landscape. Plant selections should reflect the same similarities in respect to these proportions. Arrange plants in groupings within beds that mimic the forms created by hardscape features, lawn areas, and the different bed shapes. Using this repetition of patterns in different proportions creates a unified landscape with interesting variety in scale and proportion.

 

Geometric Design Sample.

 

Legend 4. Landscape Planting Options

Symbol  Description
 Canopy shade trees represented by a circle with a small circle inside it.

Canopy Shade Trees

SHUMARD OAK - Quercus shumardii

CADDO SUGAR MAPLE - Acer saccharum var Caddo

BALD CYPRESS - Taxodium distichum

Moderate/low water usage ornamental trees represented by a flower like circle.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

CRAB APPLE - Malus 'Prairie Fire'

JAPANESE TREE LILAC - Syringa reticulata

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines through it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

DESERT WILLOW - Chilopsis linearis

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

Evergreen screen tree represented by a circle with squiggles in it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

CHINESE JUNIPER - Juniperus chinensis

ARIZONA CYPRESS - Cupressus arizonica

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.  

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Rhus aromatica 'Grow Low'

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'

RED YUCCA - Hesperaloe parviflora

 

Grasses

LITTLE BLUESTEM - Schizachyrium scoparium

PRAIRIE DROPSEED - Sporobolus heterolepsis

MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS - Nassella tenuissima

 

Perennials

STONECROP - Sedum spectabile 'Autumn Joy'

AUTUMN SAGE - Salvia greggii

EVENING PRIMROSE - Oenothera macropcarpa

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

COMMON JUNIPER - Juniperus communis

FLAME HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera x heckrotti

PRIVET - Ligstrum spp.

 

Grasses

MAIDEN GRASS - Miscanthus sinensis

SWITCH GRASS - Panicum virgatum

SIDEOATS GRAMA - Bouteloua curtipendula

 

Perennials

PURPLE CONEFLOWER - Echinacea purpurea

COREOPSIS - Coreopsis spp.

MUGWORT - Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with more dots in it.  

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

SHRUB ROSES 'KNOCKOUT' - Rosa spp.

KOREAN SPICE VIBURNUM - Viburnum carlesii

 

Grasses

BLUE LYE GRASS - Leymus arenarius

FEATHER REED GRASS - Calamagrostis 'Karl Forester'

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

BLACK EYED SUSAN - Rudbeckia hirta

ARKANSAS BLUESTAR - Amsonia hubrichtii

BLUE MIST - Caryopteris x clandonensis

Low water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with arrows pointing downward.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

 BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area represented by a sqaure with lots of arrows pointing downward.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

 ZOYSIA GRASS - Zoysia spp.

 

Organic Design Concept

This landscape design concept utilizes forms similar to the curvilinear concept but truly emphasizes focal forms that are generally created by closed curves and lack sharp angles. Perpendicular and slightly acute angles can be used in other areas of the landscape to focus visual attention to the most important areas of the outdoor space. In this case, the large back patio area and recreational lawn area. In order to maintain the organic design in the secondary planting areas that include sharper angles, use the same concept by using larger closed organic forms of plant masses and compliment the smaller negative spaces left over with accent planting that receive less attention.

 

Organic Design Sample.

 

Legend 5. Landscape Planting Options.

Symbol  Description
 Canopy shade trees represented by a circle with a small circle inside.

Canopy Shade Trees

SHUMARD OAK - Quercus shumardii

CADDO SUGAR MAPLE - Acer saccharum var Caddo

LACEBARK ELM - Ulmus parviflora

Moderate/low water usage ornamental trees represented by a flower like circle.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

JAPANESE RED PINE - Pinus densiflora

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines through it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

MEXICAN PLUM - Prunus mexicana

WESTERN SOAPBERRY - Sapindus drummondii

Evergreen screen tree represented by a circle with squiggles in it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

CHINESE JUNIPER - Juniperus chinensis

ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER - Juniperus scopulorum

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a sqaure with dots in it.  

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Andropogon gerardii

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'

NINEBARK - Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

 

Grasses

BIG BLUESTEM - Andropogon gerardii

PRAIRIE DROPSEED - Sporobolus heterolepsis

MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS - Nassella tenuissima

 

Perennials

STONECROP - Sedum spectabile 'Autumn Joy'

MYRTLE EUPHORBIA - Euphorbia myrsinites

RUSSIAN SAGE - Perovskia atriplicifolia

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with lots of dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

WINTER JASMINE - Jasminum nudiflorum

FLAME HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera x heckrotti

 

Grasses

MAIDEN GRASS - Miscanthus sinensis

INDIAN GRASS - Sorghastrum nutans

RAVENNA GRASS - Erianthus ravennae

 

Perennials

PURPLE CONEFLOWER - Echinacea purpurea

GIANT CONEFLOWER - Rudbeckia maxima

VERBENEA - Verbena canadensis

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with even more dots in it.  

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

DECIDUOUS HOLLY - Ilex decidua

KOREAN SPICE VIBURNUM - Viburnum carlesii

 

Grasses

BLUE LYME GRASS - Leymus arenarius

FEATHER REED GRASS - Calamagrostis 'Karl Foerster'

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

INDIAN BLANKETFLOWER - Gailardia x grandiflora

JAPANESE PAINTED FERN - Athyrium nipponicum

GAURA - Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'

Low water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with arrows pointing downward.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

 BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with even more arrows pointing downward.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

 ZOYSIA GRASS - Zoysia spp.

 

Modern Prairie  Design Concept

This landscape design concept combines the idea of an American Prairie plant palette with principles of a modern, irregular use of lines for hardscapes and planting boundaries. This combination achieves a contrasting scheme of very naturalistic plant materials with very constructed arrangement, with strong relationship to architecture. A strong emphasis on native plants is used in this type of design, but similar to the rectilinear design, are planted in regimented fashion using soldier or triangular spacing. Areas further away from the home near property edges can be planted in a more natural arrangement including wildflower mixes to maintain the natural ecosystem qualities of the plant selections.

Modern Prairie Design.

 

Legend 6. Landscape Planting Options.

Symbol  Description
 Canopy shade trees represented by a circle with a small circle in the middle.

Canopy Shade Trees

KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE - Gymnocladus dioica

THORNLESS HONEY LOCUST - Gleditsia triacanthos

CHINESE PISTACHE - Pistacia chinensis

Moderate/low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle like flower.

Moderate/Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

CRAB APPLE - Malus 'Prairie Fire'

SHANTUNG MAPLE - Acer truncatu

Low/very low water usage ornamental trees represented by a circle with lines through it.

Low/Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Trees

MEXICAN PLUM - Prunus mexicana

OKLAHOMA REDBUD - Cercis canadensis spp texensis

Evergreen screen tree represented by a circle with squiggles through it.

Evergreen Screen Tree

ARIZONA CYPRESS - Cupressus arizonica

PINYON PINE - Pinus edulis

 Very low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with dots in it.  

Very Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FRAGRANT SUMAC - Rhus aromatica 'Grow Low'

CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC - Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'

RED YUCCA - Hesperaloe parviflora

 

Grasses

LITTLE BLUESTEM - Schizachyrium scoparium

PRAIRIE DROPSEED - Sporobolus heterolepsis

PURPLE THREE AWN - Aristida purpurea

 

Perennials

COMMON YARROW - Achillea millefolium

BUTTERFLY WEED - Asclepias tuberosa

CARDINAL PENSTEMON - Penstemon cardinalis

Low water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with more dots in it.

Low Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

FLAME HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera x heckrotti

MEXICAN FIRE - Anisacanthus quadrifidus

 

Grasses

SIDEOATS GRAMA - Bouteloua curtipendula

INDIAN GRASS - Sorghastrum nutans

BLUE OAT GRASS - Helictotrichon sempervirens

 

Perennials

PURPLE CONEFLOWER - Echinacea purpurea

PRAIRIE BLAZING STAR - Liatris pycnostachya

EVENING PRIMROSE - Oenothera macrocarpa

Moderate water usage ornamental plants represented by a square with even more dots in it.  

Moderate Water Usage Ornamental Plants

Shrubs

DECIDUOUS HOLLY - Ilex decidua

SMOKE TREE - Cotinus coggygria

 

Grasses

NORTHERN SEA OATS - Chasmanthium latifolium

FEATHER REED GRASS - Calamagrostis 'Karl Foerster'

BLUE FESCUE - Festuca glauca

 

Perennials

INDIAN BLANKETFLOWER - Gaillardia x grandiflora

BLACK EYED SUSAN - Rudbeckia hirta

VERBENA ON-A-STICK - Verbena bonariensis

Low water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with arrows pointing down.

Low Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

BUFFALO GRASS - Bouteloua dactyloides

Moderate water usage turf/lawn area represented by a square with even more arrows pointing down.

Moderate Water Usage Turf/Lawn Area

 BERMUDA GRASS - Cynodon dactylon

 

Seal of the city of Oklahoma City.

 

 

The City of
OKLAHOMA CITY

UTILITIES DEPARTMENT

 

 

 

osu logo

 

 

 

Authors

 

John M. Schroeder

 

Malarie J. Gotcher

 

Courtney L. Keck

 

Samantha J. Snyder

 

Hannah A. Wahlmeier

 

Dr. Justin Q. Moss

Was this information helpful?
YESNO
Fact Sheet
Are Herbicides Safe to Use in My Pond?

Dispel worries arising from misunderstandings about aquatic herbicides by learning how to safely utilize them.

HerbicidesInsects, Pests, and DiseasesPesticidesPond ManagementWaterWater & Environmental IssuesWeeds, Algae & Other Pond Problems
Fact Sheet
Procedures Used by OSU Soil, Water, and Forage Analytical Laboratory

The tests and procedures the Oklahoma State University Soil, Water and Forage Analytical Lab (SWFAL) offer and analysis.

SoilSoil TestingWaterWater & Environmental Issues
Fact Sheet
Statewide Estimates of Potential Groundwater Recharge

A breakdown of the three types of aquifers and the advantages and disadvantages of each one in Oklahoma.

GroundwaterHome & Garden Water IssuesIrrigationWaterWater Conservation
VIEW ALL
Back To Top