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Basic Lighting for Rural Facilities

Environmental Conditions

  • Consider appropriate light fixtures in areas that might A tree in a light subject to explosive vapors, hot materials, or impacts.
  • Consider temperature and climate
    • Some standard fluorescent lights do not operate well in extreme temperatures
    • For cold areas, consider lights that have 0º ballasts



  • Increase light levels near task areas to ease worker stress, reduce errors, and increase safety
  • Consider dangerous tasks including:
    • Grinding
    • Cutting or using sharps
    • Using chemicals
    • Using equipment with moving parts
    • Welding, soldering, or braising
    • Using heavy equipment
    • Working with animals and animal products



  • Group relamping, which is the strategic replacement of bulbs on a regular schedule, may be used in high ceilings to reduce maintenance and outage costs
  • Inspect light fixtures that might be subject to fumes, insects, dirt, moisture, and corrosion
  • Clean light fixtures and bulbs on a regular schedule



  • Avoid using a single wall switch or breaker circuit to control large areas of light; instead, use multiple controls
  • save energy and lighting equipment life by installing occupancy sensors, timers, dimmers, and photocells
  • Consider daylight harnessing, which turns electric lights off when photocells sense adequate daylight levels



  • Use windows and skylights where possible
  • Carefully locate skylights to create uniformity


Choose from Common Light Fixtures for Rural Facilities:


Vapor Tight

Example of vapor tight light.


Protective guard prevents damage from impacts, insects, moisture, and dust





Supplementary Task Light

Example of a supplementary task light.


Provides additional light for difficult visual tasks; can be permanent or portable 





Explosion Proof

Example of an explosion proof light.


Protects from hazardous gases, vapors, or dust





Low Bay

An example of a low bay light.


Appropriate for 25' or lower ceiling heights






High Bay

An example of a high bay light.


Appropriate for 25' or higher ceiling heights






Wall Pack

An example of a wall pack light.


Useful for general illumination or security lighting.







Paulette Herbert, Ph.D.


Design, Housing, & Merchandising


Hihyun Kang, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Design, Housing, & Merchandising


Gina Peek, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Extension Specialist

Housing & Consumer


Robert Scott Frazier, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Extension Engineer

Energy Management

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