Skip to main content


Open Main MenuClose Main Menu

It's Still Cold But Green Peas Should Go in the Ground Soon

Sunday, February 4, 2024

Most gardening activities are still on hold due to winter weather but there is something gardeners can do now to get their hands in the soil. Green peas thrive in colder temperatures, so gardeners can get those plants in the ground when the soil temperature reaches about 40 degrees Fahrenheit, which won’t be too long from now. 


This is the time of year when many gardeners opt to start their garden plants from seed; however, green peas don’t typically transition well. It’s best to plant the seeds directly in the garden bed. Be sure to verify that the soil temperature is 40 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal germination. If planted too early, the seeds may not germinate. Typically, the best time to direct-sow the seeds is mid-February to mid-March.


Gardeners need to do a little prep work before planting the seeds. Prepare the soil by removing existing weeds. Also, incorporate some organic material such as compost or manure. Make sure to plant peas in slightly acidic, well-drained soil.


Dig the furrow and plant seeds about 1 to 2 inches deep and 2 to 3 inches apart. Cover the rows with soil but don’t fill the row. The seeds will need to be watered in after planting. Be sure to keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate. Once the plants are established, give the rows a good soaking once or twice a week, depending on the weather and soil conditions. The germinated seeds will adapt to early spring's chilly and damp climate.


Peas are known as nitrogen-fixing plants, which means they can convert atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form that is used by the plant. Plants that are over-fertilized will produce lush plants at the expense of pod production. Just one dose of fertilizer at planting likely is all that will be needed.


Gardeners may need to trellis or stake the plants as they grow to prevent breakage. This needs to be done early on as the plants grow quickly. Be sure to keep the area weeded so the plants don’t have to compete for nutrients and water.


Harvest the peas regularly to encourage continued production. During peak season, this may need to be done every day or so. Harvesting at their peak helps ensure the peas don’t get too mature. Over-ripe peas can be tough and stringy.

Back To Top