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Management of Insects and Mites in Greenhouse Floral Crops

Insect and mite pests of greenhouse crops present unique challenges with respect to their management and control. Plants are frequently moved in and out of the greenhouse, creating opportunities for repeated introduction of pests. Crops are grown year-round in a protected environment that is favorable for pest development. Additionally, greenhouse pests often exist in the absence of their natural enemies unless predators and parasitoids are intentionally introduced.


Many greenhouse pest populations can be reduced by implementing and following a comprehensive integrated pest management (IPM) plan. At a minimum, such a plan should include the following:

 

  • a regular pest monitoring program coupled with careful recordkeeping
  • implementation of exclusion techniques and careful sanitation practices when handling new plants and growing media
  • thoroughly cleaning the greenhouse after each production cycle
  • keeping all openings into the greenhouse (doors, screens, ventilators) in good repair
  • cultural practices such as mowing grass around the greenhouse to reduce pest harborages
  • introduction and/or conservation of biological control agents when appropriate

 

Chemical pesticides can be part of a comprehensive IPM plan, but should not substitute for good horticultural practices, or be used as “preventative insurance” against pests. Such practices are rarely economically or environmentally justifiable, and provide a recipe for the selection of pests that are resistant to the pesticide. Pesticides should be applied using specified application methods to assure optimal control. It is especially important to follow all safety precautions when applying pesticides in a greenhouse due to its enclosed environment. Follow ALL label directions, especially all Worker Protection Standards. Pesticide recommendations in this publication are correct as of the “Modified Date.” Always check the label that came with the purchased pesticide for the most current application directions and restrictions. More information on greenhouse pest management can be found in the following Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service publications:


HLA-6707, Pesticide Use and Safety in the Nursery and Greenhouse


HLA-6710, Integrated Pest Management in Commercial Greenhouses: An Overview of Principles and Practices


HLA-6711, IPM- Scouting and Monitoring for Pests in Commercial Greenhouses


E-1011, Arthropod Pest Management in Greenhouses and Interiorscapes

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Aphids        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Myocotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard 1B 24
  Chlorpyrifos + Cyfluthrin Duraplex 1B + 3A 24
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring 28 4
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Dinotefuran Safari 4A 12
  Flonicamid Aria 29 12
  Flupyradifurone Altus 4D 4
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/ Mantra 4A 12/12/12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal n/a 4/4
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Methiocarb Mesurol 1A 24
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ SuffOil-X n/a 4/4
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact n/a 4
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Permethrin Astro 3A 12
  Pymetrozine Endeavor 9B 12
  Pyrethrins Pyreth-It/ Pyrethrum 3A 12/12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar 9B 12
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/Fulcrum 7C 12/12
  Spirotetramat Kontos 23 24
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Thiamethoxam Flagship 4A 12
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi 21A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Aphids      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Acephate Orthene Has translaminar properties. Check label for phytotoxicity information.
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol Slow acting. May be more effective when tank mixed with other insecticides.
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Myocotrol Beneficial fungus. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard Microencapsulated formulation.
  Chlorpyrifos + Cyfluthrin Duraplex Aerosol formulation
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Dinotefuran Safari Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Very water soluble
  Flonicamid Aria Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench. Prevents insects from feeding by blocking mouthparts
  Flupyradifurone Altus Has systemic properties. Do not rotate with Marathon, Safari, or Flagship. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetable transplants
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/ Mantra Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity.
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently.
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal Beneficial fungus. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness.
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Repeat applications will be required.
  Methiocarb Mesurol Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ SuffOil-X Has short residual activity. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below.
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact Has short residual activity. See note 2 below
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.
  Permethrin Astro Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pymetrozine Endeavor Has translaminar and systemic properties with movement both up and down the plant. Prevents insects from feeding by blocking mouthparts
  Pyrethrins Pyreth-It/ Pyrethrum Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough
coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar Has contact, ingestion, and translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/Fulcrum Only directly active on immature life stages.
  Spirotetramat Kontos Has systemic properties with movement both up and down the plant.
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Thiamethoxam Flagship Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle.
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Caterpillars        
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol  UN 4/12/4/4
  Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Dipel 11A 4
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/Mycotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard 1B 24
  Chlorpyrifos + Cyfluthrin Duraplex 1B + 3A 24
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring 28 4
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Fenpropathrin Tame 3A 12
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Methoxyfenozide Intrepid 18 4
  Novaluron Pedestal 15 12
  Permethrin Astro 3A 12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyridalyl Overture UN 12
  Spinosad Conserve 5 4
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi 21A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Caterpillars      
  Acephate Orthene Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol  Slow acting. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Dipel Insects must consume material to be affected. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/Mycotrol Beneficial fungus. May be more effective when mixed with other insecticides. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications in a sequence, or more than three applications per cropping cycle. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard Microencapsulated formulation
  Chlorpyrifos + Cyfluthrin Duraplex Aerosol formulation
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Fenpropathrin Tame Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently
  Methoxyfenozide Intrepid Slow acting. Works best when caterpillars are
small
  Novaluron Pedestal Slow acting, but has translaminar properties. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Apply when caterpillars are small
  Permethrin Astro Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyridalyl Overture Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than three applications per cropping cycle. Apply when caterpillars are small
  Spinosad Conserve Has contact, ingestion, and translaminar properties. More effective on small caterpillars
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Apply when caterpillars are small. Has similar mode of action as Conserve
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi More effective on small caterpillars

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Fungus Gnats (adults)        
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Fenpropathrin Tame 3A 12
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Permethrin Astro 3A 12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
Fungus Gnats (Larvae)        
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin Molt-X/Azatrol  UN 4/12/4/4
  Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis Gnatrol 11A 4
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard 1B 24
  Cyromazine Citation 17 12
  Diflubenzuron Adept 15 12
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/ Fulcrum 7C 12/12
  Steinernema feltiae Nemasys n/a 0
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Fungus Gnats (adults)      
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium
  Fenpropathrin Tame Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Do not apply to poinsettia
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium
  Permethrin Astro Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Target sprays at the surface of the growing medium.
Fungus Gnats (Larvae)      
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a light spray to the growing medium.
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin Molt-X/Azatrol  Slow acting. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis Gnatrol Slow acting. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables. Apply early in the cropping cycle
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Do not make more than two applications in a sequence, or more than three applications per cropping cycle. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard Microencapsulated formulation
  Cyromazine Citation Slow acting. Repeat applications are required
  Diflubenzuron Adept Slow acting, but has long residual activity. Do not use on poinsettia, hibiscus, or Reiger begonia
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Repeat applications are required
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/ Fulcrum Slow acting. Read label for precautions when using on poinsettia
  Steinernema feltiae Nemasys Beneficial nematode that attacks fungus gnat larvae. Apply early in the cropping cycle before fungus gnat populations are high and causing
plant damage.

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Leafminers        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Cyromazine Citation 17 12
  Dinotefuran Safari 4A 12
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra 4A 12/12/12
  Novaluron Pedestal 15 12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Spinosad Conserve 5 4
  Thiamethoxam Flagship 4A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Leafminers      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Acephate Orthene Has translaminar and systemic properties. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol Slow acting. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties
  Cyromazine Citation Has translaminar properties
  Dinotefuran Safari Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Very water soluble
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity.
  Novaluron Pedestal Slow acting, but has translaminar properties
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Spinosad Conserve Has translaminar properties
  Thiamethoxam Flagship Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Mealybugs        
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Buprofezin Talus 16 12
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Dinotefuran Safari 4A 12
  Fenpropathrin Tame 3A 24
  Flonicamid Aria 29 12
  Flupyradifurone Altus 4D 4
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra 4A 12/12/12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal n/a 4/4
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X n/a 4/4
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact n/a 4
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar 9B 12
  Spirotetramat Kontos 23 24
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Thiamethoxam Flagship 4A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Mealybugs      
  Acephate Orthene Has translaminar and systemic properties. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol Slow acting. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables.
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol Beneficial fungus. May be more effective when mixed with other insecticides. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Works best on nymphs
  Buprofezin Talus Slow acting. Works best on nymphs
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Works best on nymphs
  Dinotefuran Safari Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Very water soluble
  Fenpropathrin Tame Works best on nymphs
  Flonicamid Aria Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench. Prevents insects from feeding by blocking mouthparts
  Flupyradifurone Altus Has systemic properties. Do not rotate with Marathon, Safari, or Flagship. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetable transplants
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Works best on nymphs
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra Has translaminar and systemic properties. Slow acting with long residual activity
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal Beneficial fungus. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Repeat applications are required
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar Has contact, ingestion, and translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Spirotetramat Kontos Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Thiamethoxam Flagship Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Mites (Twospotted Spider)        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Acequinocyl Shuttle O 20B 12
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenazate Floramite 20D 4
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Clofentezine Ovation 10A 12
  Cyflumetofen Sultan 25 12
  Etoxazole TetraSan 10B 12
  Fenazaquin Magus 21A 12
  Fenpropathrin Tame 3A 24
  Fenpyroximate Akari 21A 12
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Hexythiazox Hexygon 10A 12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 4
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 n/a 4
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X n/a 4/4
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact n/a 4
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyridaben Sanmite 21A 12
  Spiromesifen Judo/Savate 23 12/12
  Spirotetramat Kontos 23 24
Mites (Broad)        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Fenpyroximate Akari 21A 12
  Pyridaben Sanmite 21A 12
  Spiromesifin Judo/Savate 23 12/12
Mites (Cyclamen)        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Fenpyroximate Akari 21A 12
  Spiromesifin Judo/Savate 23 12/12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Mites (Twospotted Spider)      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Acequinocyl Shuttle O Has contact activity only
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol Beneficial fungus. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Bifenazate Floramite Has contact activity only. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle per year
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle per year.
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications in a sequence, or more than three applications per cropping cycle
  Clofentezine Ovation Has activity on mite eggs
  Cyflumetofen Sultan Has activity on mite eggs, larvae, and nymphs
  Etoxazole TetraSan Has activity on mite eggs, larvae, and nymphs. Do not apply more than two times per cropping cycle.
  Fenazaquin Magus Do not make more than one application per cropping cycle. Do not rotate with Akari, Sanmite, Shuttle, or Floramite
  Fenpropathrin Tame Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Fenpyroximate Akari Has contact activity only. Do not rotate with Sanmite, Magus, Shuttle, or Floramite
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Hexythiazox Hexygon Has activity on mite eggs, larvae, and nymphs
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 Beneficial fungus. Apply as a foliar spray and thoroughly cover all plant parts, especially leaf undersides. Repeat applications are required.
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyridaben Sanmite Do not rotate with Akari, Magus, Shuttle, or Floramite
  Spiromesifen Judo/Savate Has translaminar properties with long residual activity.
  Spirotetramat Kontos Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
Mites (Broad)      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle per year.
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications in a sequence, or more than three applications per cropping cycle. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Fenpyroximate Akari Do not rotate with Sanmite
  Pyridaben Sanmite Do not rotate with Akari
  Spiromesifin Judo/Savate Has translaminar properties with long residual activity.
Mites (Cyclamen)      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle per year
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Has translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications in a sequence, or more than three applications per cropping cycle. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Fenpyroximate Akari Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Spiromesifin Judo/Savate Has translaminar properties with long residual activity.

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Scales (Soft and Armored)        
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Buprofezin Talus 16 12
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring 28 4
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Dinotefuran Safari 4A 12
  Flupyradifurone Altus 4D 4
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra 4A 12/12/12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X n/a 4/4
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact n/a 4
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/ Fulcrum 7C 12/12
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Thiamethoxam Flagship 4A 12
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi 21A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Scales (Soft and Armored)      
  Acephate Orthene Has systemic and translaminar properties. Works best on crawlers (nymphs). Check label for phytotoxicity information.
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties.
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol Works best on crawlers (nymphs).
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Works best on crawlers (nymphs).
  Buprofezin Talus Works best on crawlers (nymphs).
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Works best on crawlers (nymphs).
  Dinotefuran Safari Has translaminar and systemic properties. May be effective against both soft and armored scales
  Flupyradifurone Altus Has systemic properties. Do not rotate with Marathon, Safari, or Flagship. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetable transplants
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra Has translaminar and systemic properties. Only effective against soft scales
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Works best on crawlers (nymphs). Repeat applications are required
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact Has short residual properties. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/ Fulcrum Slow acting. Only active on crawlers (nymphs).
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Has translaminar and systemic properties. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Thiamethoxam Flagship Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench.
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Slugs        
  Iron phosphate Sluggo n/a 0
  Metaldehyde Deadline n/a 12
  Methiocarb Mesurol 1A 24
Thrips        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon 13 12
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard 1B 24
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring 28 4
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Flonicamid Aria 29 12
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal n/a 4/4
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 n/a 4
  Methiocarb Mesurol 1A 24
  Novaluron Pedestal 15 12
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Pyrethrins Pyreth-It/Pyrethrum 3A 12/12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A+n/a 12
  Pyridalyl Overture UN 12
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar 9B 12
  Spinosad Conserve 5 4
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi 21A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Slugs      
  Iron phosphate Sluggo Bait formulation.
  Metaldehyde Deadline Bait formulation.
  Methiocarb Mesurol Bait formulation.
Thrips      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties. Use in rotation programs with Pylon, Overture, and Conserve
  Acephate Orthene Has translaminar properties. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties. Mix with a surfactant to enhance effectiveness
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol More effective when mixed with other insecticides. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol Beneficial fungus. May be more effective when mixed with other insecticides. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Chlorfenapyr Pylon Has translaminar properties. Effective against both western flower thrips and chilli thrips
  Chlorpyrifos DuraGuard Microencapsulated formulation
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench. Only effective against thrips feeding on foliage, not flowers
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Flonicamid Aria Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal Beneficial fungus. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness. Apply early in the cropping cycle
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Only active on larval stages
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 Beneficial fungus. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness. Apply early in the cropping cycle.
  Methiocarb Mesurol Use in rotation programs with Conserve, Overture, Pylon, and Avid.
  Novaluron Pedestal Slow acting, but has translaminar properties. Only active on larval stages
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.
Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Pyrethrins Pyreth-It/Pyrethrum Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyridalyl Overture Slow acting, but has translaminar properties. Do not make more than three applications per cropping cycle
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar Labeled for chilli thrips only. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle
  Spinosad Conserve Avoid making frequent applications. Use in rotation programs with Mesurol, Overture, Pylon, and Avid
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Has translaminar properties and a similar mode of action as Conserve
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important

 

Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name IRAC Class* REI**
Whiteflies        
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 6 12/12
  Acephate Orthene 1B 24
  Acetamiprid TriStar 4A 12
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol UN 4/12/4/4
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol n/a 4/4
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco 20D + 6 12
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar 3A 12/12
  Buprofezin Talus 16 12
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring 28 4
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon 3A 12
  Diflubenzuron Adept 15 12
  Dinotefuran Safari 4A 12
  Fenazaquin Magus 21A 12
  Fenpropathrin Tame 3A 24
  Flonicamid Aria 29 12
  Flupyradifurone Altus 4D 4
  Fluvalinate Mavrik 3A 12
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra 4A 12/12/12
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede n/a 12
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal n/a 4
  Kinoprene Enstar 7A 4
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 n/a 4
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X n/a 4/4
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact n/a 4
  Novaluron Pedestal 15 12
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil n/a 4
  Permethrin Astro 3A 12
  Pymetrozine Endeavor 9B 12
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana 3A + n/a 12
  Pyridaben Sanmite 21A 12
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar 9B 12
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/Fulcrum 7C 12/12
  Spiromesifin Savate 23 12
  Spirotetramat Kontos 23 24
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire 4C + 5 12
  Thiamethoxam Flagship 4A 12
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi 21A 12
Pest Pesticide Common Name Pesticide Trade Name Comments
Whiteflies      
  Abamectin Avid/Minx 2 Has translaminar properties
  Acephate Orthene Has translaminar and systemic properties. Effective against nymphs and adults. Check label for phytotoxicity information
  Acetamiprid TriStar Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Azadirachtin Azatin/Ornazin/ Molt-X/Azatrol May be more effective when mixed with other insecticides. Only active on nymphs. Some formulations may be used on greenhouse-grown vegetables
  Beauveria bassiana BotaniGard/ Mycotrol Beneficial fungus. May be more effective when mixed with other insecticides. Active on both nymphs and adults. Requires three to five applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Bifenazate + Abamectin Sirocco Has translaminar properties
  Bifenthrin Attain/Talstar Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Buprofezin Talus Slow acting. Only active on nymphs
  Cyantraniliprole Mainspring Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Cyfluthrin Decathlon Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Diflubenzuron Adept Slow acting. Only active on nymphs. Do not use on poinsettia, hibiscus, or Reiger begonia.
  Dinotefuran Safari Has translaminar and systemic properties with long residual activity. Very water soluble
  Fenazaquin Magus Do not make more than one application per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Fenpropathrin Tame Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Flonicamid Aria Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench. Prevents insects from feeding by blocking mouthparts
  Flupyradifurone Altus Has systemic properties. Do not rotate with Marathon, Safari, or Flagship. May be used on greenhouse-grown vegetable transplants
  Fluvalinate Mavrik Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Imidacloprid Marathon/ Benefit/Mantra Slow acting, but has translaminar and systemic properties
  Insecticidal soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) M-Pede Has short residual activity. Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Avoid applying too frequently
  Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97 Ancora/Preferal Beneficial fungus. Maintain relative humidity around 80% to maximize effectiveness. Thorough coverage of leaf undersides is important
  Kinoprene Enstar Slow acting. Only active on nymphs. Repeat applications are required
  Metarhizium brunneum (anisopliae) Strain F52 Met52 Beneficial fungus. Thoroughly cover all plant parts, especially leaf undersides
  Mineral oil Ultra-Pure Oil/ Suffoil-X Has short residual activity. Thoroughly cover all plant parts, especially leaf undersides. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Neem oil (clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil) Triact Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Novaluron Pedestal Slow acting, but has translaminar properties. Active on nymphs. May indirectly reduce egg laying by adult females
  Paraffinic oil Sunspray Ultra-Fine Oil Active on eggs, nymphs, and adults. Thoroughly cover all plant parts, especially leaf undersides. Avoid applying too frequently. See note 2 below
  Permethrin Astro Active on nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pymetrozine Endeavor Has translaminar and systemic properties. Active on nymphs and adults. Prevents insects from feeding by blocking mouthparts
  Pyrethrins + canola oil Pycana Has short residual activity. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyridaben Sanmite Active on nymphs and adults
  Pyrifluquinazon Rycar Has contact, ingestion, and translaminar properties. Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important
  Pyriproxyfen Distance/Fulcrum Only active on nymphs
  Spiromesifin Savate Has translaminar properties with long residual activity.
  Spirotetramat Kontos Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Sulfoxaflor + Spinetoram XXpire Has translaminar and systemic properties
  Thiamethoxam Flagship Has translaminar and systemic properties. Apply as a foliar spray or soil drench
  Tolfenpyrad Hachi-Hachi Do not make more than two applications per cropping cycle. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important

 

† Restricted Use Pesticide; you must be a certified (licensed) pesticide applicator to purchase and apply this product.

 

* The numbers associated with the IRAC class column were developed by the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC). It is intended to help in the selection of insecticides for preventative resistance management. If you make multiple applications for a specific pest or group of pests during a growing sequence, simply select a registered insecticide with a different number for each generation (14-21 days). You can rotate within the same number if more than one subgroup is available (Example: 2A and 2B). To further delay resistance from developing, integrate other control methods into your pest management programs. See “MF-2905: Resistance Management” for further information. This publication can be found at http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/bookstore/pubs/mf2905.pdf.


** REI = Restricted Entry Interval (in hours); workers not allowed to enter into treated area until the REI has elapsed.

 

Notes:

 

  1. Before purchasing and using any pesticide, read the label carefully for registered use(s), rates, and application frequency. Also note toxicity category on the label of each pesticide since toxicity ratings may affect reentry intervals and note any ventilation requirements. Wear protective clothing as recommended on each pesticide label.
  2. When using horticultural oils it is important to not use oils with insecticidal soap or any sulfur containing compounds. Also, do not use horticultural oils in sprayers in which fungicides have been used. Frequent agitation is required when using horticultural oil sprays.
  3. Insecticides with a broad spectrum of properties in the chemical classes pyrethroids, organophosphates, carbamates, and neonicotinoids may be harmful to natural enemies (parasitoids and predators). Some broad-spectrum insecticides are more selective than others, and selectivity further depends on how, when, and where the insecticide is applied. Be sure to check the label for the kinds of insects controlled by the product, or contact your county extension educator for information on the use of insecticides with natural enemies.

 

 

Eric J. Rebek

Extension Entomologist and Professor

Oklahoma State University

 

Raymond A. Cloyd

Extension Specialist and Professor

Kansas State University

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